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Marine Biology

, Volume 157, Issue 8, pp 1767–1781 | Cite as

Population genetics of Crassostrea ariakensis in Asia inferred from microsatellite markers

  • Jie Xiao
  • Jan F. Cordes
  • Haiyan Wang
  • Ximing Guo
  • Kimberly S. ReeceEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Crassostrea ariakensis is an important aquacultured oyster species in Asia, its native region. During the past decade, consideration was given to introducing C. ariakensis into Chesapeake Bay, in the United States, to help revive the declining native oyster industry and bolster the local ecosystem. Little is known about the ecology and biology of this species in Asia due to confusion with nomenclature and difficulty in accurately identifying the species of wild populations in their natural environment. Even less research has been done on the population genetics of native populations of C. ariakensis in Asia. We examined the magnitude and pattern of genetic differentiation among 10 wild populations of C. ariakensis from its confirmed distribution range using eight polymorphic microsatellite markers. Results showed a small but significant global θST (0.018), indicating genetic heterogeneity among populations. Eight genetically distinct populations were further distinguished based on population pairwise θST comparisons, including one in Japan, four in China, and three populations along the coast of South Korea. A significant positive association was detected between genetic and geographic distances among populations, suggesting a genetic pattern of isolation by distance. This research represents a novel observation on wild genetic population structuring in a coastal bivalve species along the coast of the northwest Pacific.

Keywords

Genetic Differentiation Yellow River Basin Oyster Reef Significant Genetic Differentiation Oyster Species 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Dr. Hyesuk An for providing valuable samples from South Korea, and Drs. Guofan Zhang, Lumin Qian, Fei Xu, Xiao Liu, Huayong Que and Aiming Wang for assisting with sampling trips in China. We are also grateful to Kelly Johnson and Drs. Ryan Carnegie, Caiwen Li and Jens Carlsson for assistance on sample collection from China in 2005 and 2006. Dr. Xiaoxue Wang kindly sent us additional samples and information that we needed. Dr. Jessica Moss assisted with DNA extractions. This research was funded by NOAA (Award Number: NA04NMF4570432). VIMS contribution number 3082.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jie Xiao
    • 1
  • Jan F. Cordes
    • 1
  • Haiyan Wang
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ximing Guo
    • 2
  • Kimberly S. Reece
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Virginia Institute of Marine Science, The College of William and MaryGloucester PointUSA
  2. 2.Haskin Shellfish Research LaboratoryRutgers UniversityPort NorrisUSA
  3. 3.Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of SciencesQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China

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