Marine Biology

, Volume 151, Issue 3, pp 961–971 | Cite as

Growth and reproductive biology of the small penaeid shrimp Trachysalambria curvirostris in Tokyo Bay

  • Ryo Yamada
  • Keita KodamaEmail author
  • Takashi Yamakawa
  • Toshihiro Horiguchi
  • Ichiro Aoki
Research Article


We investigated the growth and reproductive biology of the penaeid shrimp Trachysalambria curvirostris in Tokyo Bay, Japan, by monthly bottom-trawl surveys from May 2002 to December 2004. We also examined oogenesis in T. curvirostris by histological observation of the ovary. Females grew faster and attained a larger body size for age than males. The growth rate was high in summer and low in winter and was likely to be associated with seasonal changes in water temperature. The carapace length (CL) at which 50% of females contained vitellogenic oocytes was estimated to be 17.0 mm. The reproductive season extended from May to October. Young-of-the-year appeared in October and could be traced across the months on CL histograms to the following September or October, indicating a 1-year life cycle. This extended reproductive season, together with our observation of asynchronous development of oocytes in the ovary, suggests that multiple spawning by individual females may occur during the reproductive season. Postovulated oocytes were not found among the samples we collected during the daytime, suggesting that final oocyte maturation and spawning occur at night. Cortical crypts in the cytoplasm of the oocyte, considered to be a general feature of oogenesis in penaeid shrimps, were not found in T. curvirostris, even in oocytes undergoing germinal vesicle breakdown. This result implies that the cortical reaction after spawning of T. curvirostris may be different from that of other penaeid shrimps.


Mature Female Reproductive Season Carapace Length Ovarian Maturity Vitellogenic Oocyte 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank W. Doi, A. Goto, T. Masu, T. Kaneko, T. Fujino, and S. Ochiai, Dr H. Tanaka, and the fishers of the Shiba Branch, Yokohama City Fisheries Cooperative Association, for their help with field sampling. We also thank T. Shimizu of the Kanagawa Prefectural Fisheries Technology Center for providing data on the water temperature in Tokyo Bay. This work was partly funded by a Sasakawa Scientific Research Grant from the Japan Science Society (16–403M).


  1. Ben Meriem S (2004) First approach to the growth of Penaeus kerathurus (Decapoda, Penaeidae) in the Gulf of Gabes, Tunisia. Crustaceana 77:277–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bluhm BA, Brey T (2001) Age determination in the Antarctic shrimp Notocrangon antarcticus (Crustacea: Decapoda) using the autofluorescent pigment lipofuscin. Mar Biol 138:247–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cha HK, Oh CW, Choi JH (2004a) Biology of the cocktail shrimp, Trachysalambria curvirostris (Decapoda: Penaeidae) in the Yellow Sea of Korea. J Mar Biol Assoc UK 84:351–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cha HK, Choi JH, Oh CW (2004b) Reproductive biology and growth of the Shiba shrimp Metapenaeus joyneri (Decapoda: Penaeidae), on the western coast of Korea. J Crust Biol 24:93–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Clark WH Jr, Pillai MC (1991) Egg production, release and activation in the marine shrimp, Sicyonia ingentis. In: Wenner A, Kuris A (eds) Crustacean issues 7: crustacean egg production. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 3–8Google Scholar
  6. Clark WH Jr, Lynn JW, Yudin AI, Persyn HO (1980) Morphology of the cortical reaction in the eggs of Penaeus aztecus. Biol Bull (Woods Hole) 158:175–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Conan GY (1985) Periodicity and phasing of molting. In: Wenner AM (ed) Crustacean issues 3: factors in adult growth. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 3–8Google Scholar
  8. Courtney AJ, Montgomery SS, Die DJ, Andrew NL, Cosgrove MG, Blount C (1995) Maturation in the female eastern king prawn Penaeus plebejus from coastal waters of eastern Australia, and consideration for quantifying egg production in penaeid prawns. Mar Biol 122:547–556CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Crocos PJ, Kerr JD (1986) Factors affecting induction of maturation and spawning of the tiger prawn, Penaeus esculentus (Haswell), under laboratory conditions. Aquaculture 58:203–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cummings WC (1961) Maturation and spawning of the pink shrimp, Penaeus duorarum, Burkenroad. Trans Am Fish Soc 90:462–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dall W, Hill BJ, Rothlisberg PC, Staples DJ (1990) Reproduction. In: Blaxter JHS, Southward AJ (eds) Advances in marine biology, vol 27: the biology of Penaeidae. Academic, London, pp 251–281Google Scholar
  12. DeLancey LB, Jenkins JE, Maddox MB, Whitaker JD, Wenner EL (2005) Field observations on white shrimp, Litopenaeus setiferus, during spring spawning season in South Carolina, USA, 1980–2003. J Crust Biol 25:212–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hasselblad V (1966) Estimation of parameters for a mixture of normal distributions. Technometrics 8:431–444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Huner JV, Lindqvist OV (1991) Special problems in freshwater crayfish egg production. In: Wenner A, Kuris A (eds) Crustacean issues 7: crustacean egg production. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 235–246Google Scholar
  15. Ikejima K, Shimizu M (1999) Disappearance of a spring cohort in a population of the dragonet, Repomucenus valenciennei, with spring and autumn spawning peaks in Tokyo Bay, Japan. Ichthyol Res 46:331–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Imabayashi H, Yamada H (1991) Effect of temperature on molt and survival of the penaeid shrimp Trachypenaeus curvirostris. Jpn J Benthol 41:47–53 (in Japanese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  17. Kim S (2005) Population structure, growth, mortality, and size at sexual maturity of Palaemon gravieri (Decapoda: Caridea: Palaemonidae). J Crust Biol 25:226–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. King JE (1948) A study of the reproductive organs of the common marine shrimp, Penaeus setiferus, Linnaeus. Biol Bull (Woods Hole) 94:244–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kodama K, Aoki I, Shimizu M, Taniuchi T (2002) Long-term changes in the assemblage of demersal fishes and invertebrates in relation to environmental variation in Tokyo Bay, Japan. Fish Manag Ecol 9:303–313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kodama K, Shimizu T, Yamakawa T, Aoki I (2004) Reproductive biology of the female Japanese mantis shrimp Oratosquilla oratoria (Stomatopoda) in relation to changes in the seasonal pattern of larval occurrence in Tokyo Bay, Japan. Fish Sci 70:734–745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kodama K, Yamakawa T, Shimizu T, Aoki I (2005) Age estimation of the wild population of Japanese mantis shrimp Oratosquilla oratoria (Crustacea: Stomatopoda) in Tokyo Bay, Japan, using lipofuscin as an age marker. Fish Sci 71:141–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kodama K, Shimizu T, Yamakawa T, Aoki I (2006a) Changes in reproductive patterns in relation to decline in stock abundance of the Japanese mantis shrimp Oratosquilla oratoria in Tokyo Bay. Fish Sci 72:568–577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kodama K, Horiguchi T, Kume G, Nagayama S, Shimizu T, Shiraishi H, Morita M, Shimizu M (2006b) Effects of hypoxia on early life history of the stomatopod Oratosquilla oratoria in a coastal sea. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 324:197–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kodama K, Kume G, Shiraishi H, Morita M, Horiguchi T (2006c) Relationship between body length, processed-meat length and seasonal change in net processed-meat yield of Japanese mantis shrimp Oratosquilla oratoria in Tokyo Bay. Fish Sci 72:804–810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kodama K, Shiraishi H, Morita M, Horiguchi T (2006d) Verification of lipofuscin-based crustacean ageing: seasonality of lipofuscin accumulation in the stomatopod Oratosquilla oratoria in relation to water temperature. Mar Biol 150:131–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kosaka M (1979) Ecological notes on the penaeid shrimp, Trachypenaeus curvirostris (Stimpson), in Sendai Bay. J Fac Mar Sci Technol Tokai Univ 12:167–172 (in Japanese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  27. Kusakabe T (1997) Growth and reproduction of southern rough shrimp Trachypenaeus curvirostris in Osaka Bay. Bull Osaka Pref Fish Exp Stn 10:59–69 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  28. Ohtomi J, Irieda S (1997) Growth of the deep-water mud shrimp Solenocera melantho De Man, 1907 (Decapoda, Penaeoidea, Solenoceridae) in Kagoshima Bay, southern Japan. Crustaceana 70:45–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Ohtomi J, Matsuoka T (1998) Reproduction and growth of Jack-knife shrimp, Haliporoides sibogae, off south-western Kyushu, Japan. Fish Res 38:271–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ohtomi J, Yamamoto S (1997) Change in gonadosomatic index with ovarian maturation in Jack-knife shrimp Haliporoides sibogae off south-western Kyushu, Japan. Fish Sci 63:1044–1045CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ohtomi J, Yamamoto S, Koshino S (1998) Ovarian maturation and spawning of the deep-water shrimp Solenocera melantho de Man, 1907 (Decapoda, Penaeoidea, Solenoceridae) in Kagoshima Bay, southern Japan. Crustaceana 71:672–685CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Oka M, Shirahata S (1965) Studies on Penaeus orientalis Kishinoue I. Morphological classification of the ovarian eggs and the maturity of the ovary. Bull Fac Fish Nagasaki Univ 18:30–40 (in Japanese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  33. Pauly D (1987) A review of the ELEFAN system for analysis of length–frequency data in fish and aquatic invertebrates. In: Pauly D, Morgan GR (eds) ICLARM conference proceedings 13: length-based methods in fisheries research. ICLARM, Manila, pp 7–34Google Scholar
  34. Pauly D, Ingles J, Neal R (1984) Application to shrimp stocks of objective methods for the estimation of growth, mortality and recruitment-related parameters from length–frequency data (ELEFAN I and II). In: Gulland JA, Rothschild BJ (eds) Penaeid shrimps: their biology and management. Fishing News Books, Surrey, pp 220–234Google Scholar
  35. Ronquillo JD, Saisho T (1995) Developmental stages of Trachypenaeus curvirostris (Stimpson, 1860) (Decapoda, Penaeidae) reared in the laboratory. Crustaceana 68:833–863CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sainte-Marie B, Berube I, Brillon S, Hazel F (2006) Observations on the growth of the sculptured shrimp Sclerocrangon boreas (Decapoda: Caridea). J Crust Biol 26:55–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Sakaji H (2001) Observations of the oocytes of the small penaeid shrimps Metapenaeopsis aegyptia, M. barbata, and M. sinica. Benthos Res 56:81–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Sakaji H (2003) Fishery biological studies on penaeid shrimps in Tosa Bay, Pacific coast of Japan. Bull Fish Res Agen 128:73–127 (in Japanese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  39. Sakaji H, Hayashi K (2003) A review of the Trachysalambria curvirostris species group (Crustacea: Decapoda: Penaeidae) with description of a new species. Species Divers 8:141–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Sakaji H, Tsuchiya K, Segawa S (2000) Oocyte development of Metapenaeopsis dalei (Penaeidae, Decapoda, Crustacea). Invert Reprod Dev 38:7–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Sheehy M, Caputi N, Chubb C, Belchier M (1998) Use of lipofuscin for resolving cohorts of western rock lobster (Panulirus cygnus). Can J Fish Aquat Sci 55:925–936CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Somers IF, Kirkwood GP (1991) Population ecology of the grooved tiger prawn, Penaeus semisulcatus, in the North western Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia: growth, movement, age structure and infestation by the bopyrid parasite Epipenaeon ingens. Aust J Mar Freshwater Res 42:349–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Sparre P, Venema SC (1992) Introduction to tropical fish stock assessment, Part 1: manual. FAO Fisheries Technical paper 306/1 Revision 1. Food and Agriculture Organization, RomeGoogle Scholar
  44. Tan-Fermin JD, Pudadera RA (1989) Ovarian maturation stages of the wild giant tiger prawn Penaeus monodon Fabricius. Aquaculture 77:229–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Tokai T, Ito H, Masaki Y, Kitahara T (1990) Mesh selectivity curves of a shrimp beam trawl for southern rough shrimp Trachypenaeus curvirostris and mantis shrimp Oratosquilla oratoria. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 56:1231–1237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Tokimura M (1985) Spatial distribution of demersal fishes and invertebrates in Tokyo Bay. PhD thesis, The University of Tokyo, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  47. Toriyama M (1980) On some morphological and ecological notes of the three species of the genus Trachypenaeus (penaeid prawn) in Tosa Bay. Bull Nansei Reg Fish Res Lab 12:75–91Google Scholar
  48. Ueta Y (1987) Reproduction and growth of Trachypenaeus curvirostris (Penaeidae, Decapoda, Crustacea) in Kii channel. Suisanzoshoku 35:161–169 (in Japanese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  49. Ueta Y (1990) Ecological information of Parapenaeopsis tenella (Penaeidae, Decapoda, Crustacea) in Kii channel. Fish Biol Oceanogr Southwest Waters Jpn 6:55–64Google Scholar
  50. Waddy SL, Aiken DE (1991) Egg production in the American lobster, Homarus americanus. In: Wenner A, Kuris A (eds) Crustacean issues 7: crustacean egg production. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 267–290Google Scholar
  51. Yano I (1988) Oocyte development in the kuruma prawn Penaeus japonicus. Mar Biol 99:547–553CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Yano I (1995) Final oocyte maturation, spawning and mating in penaeid shrimp. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 193:113–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Yasuda J (1949) A biological note on the shrimp, Trachypenaeus curvirostris (Stimpson). Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 15:180–189 (in Japanese with English abstract)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryo Yamada
    • 1
    • 3
  • Keita Kodama
    • 2
    Email author
  • Takashi Yamakawa
    • 1
  • Toshihiro Horiguchi
    • 2
  • Ichiro Aoki
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Aquatic Bioscience, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life SciencesThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Research Center for Environmental RiskNational Institute for Environmental StudiesTsukubaJapan
  3. 3.Japan Energy CorporationSapporoJapan

Personalised recommendations