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Marine Biology

, Volume 151, Issue 2, pp 719–727 | Cite as

High self-recruitment levels in a Mediterranean littoral fish population revealed by microsatellite markers

  • Josep Carreras-Carbonell
  • Enrique Macpherson
  • Marta Pascual
Research Article

Abstract

Self-recruitment rates are essential parameters in the estimation of connectivity among populations, having important consequences in marine conservation biology. Using ten highly polymorphic microsatellite loci, we estimate, over 3 years, the self-recruitment in a population of Tripterygion delaisi in the NW Mediterranean. Six previously described source populations were used for the assignment (Costa Brava, Columbretes, Formentera, Cabo de Palos, Cabo de Gata and Tarifa). Even though this species has a 16–21 day larval duration, a mean of 66.4 ± 1.4% of the recruits settled in their natal population. When refining in a more local scale the origin of individuals self-recruited to Costa Brava, using as source the three sampling localities that conform this population (Cap de Creus, Tossa and Blanes), the highest percentage (40.6 ± 8.9%) was self-assigned to the adult source locality (Blanes) where recruits were sampled each year. Our results suggest that a high proportion of the larvae of T. delaisi remained close to, or never leave, their natal spawning area. This observation can be extrapolated to other species with similar early life-history traits and low adult mobility and can have important implications for the conservation and management of Mediterranean littoral fishes.

Keywords

Genetic Differentiation Source Population Assignment Test Sequential Bonferroni Procedure Planktonic Larval Duration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank S. Planes his helpful comments. This research was supported by a Predoctoral fellowship from the Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte to J.C. (AP2001-0225). Research was funded by projects CTM2004-05265 and BOS2003-05904 of the MCYT and MMA 119/2003. Researchers are part of the SGR 2005SGR-00995 and 2005SGR-00277 of the Generalitat de Catalunya. All the experiments made comply with the current Spanish laws.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Josep Carreras-Carbonell
    • 1
    • 2
  • Enrique Macpherson
    • 1
  • Marta Pascual
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre d’Estudis Avançats de Blanes, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CEAB-CSIC)BlanesSpain
  2. 2.Genetics DepartmentUniversity of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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