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Marine Biology

, Volume 150, Issue 6, pp 1321–1332 | Cite as

Population structure of red porgy, Pagrus pagrus, in the Atlantic Ocean

  • A. O. Ball
  • M. G. Beal
  • R. W. ChapmanEmail author
  • G. R. Sedberry
Research Article

Abstract

The red porgy, Pagrus pagrus (L.), is a protogynous sparid associated with reefs and hard bottom habitat throughout the warm-temperate Atlantic Ocean. In this study, the degree of geographic population differentiation in Atlantic populations was examined with microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA markers (mtDNA). Six microsatellite loci were amplified and scored in 690 individuals from the eastern North Atlantic (Crete, Madeira, and Azores), western North Atlantic (North Carolina to Florida, and the eastern Gulf of Mexico), and Brazil. At two loci, fixed allelic differences were found among the three major geographic areas, while frequency differences were observed at three other loci. The DNA of 371 individuals was amplified at the mtDNA control region, and 526 bp were sequenced. Tamura–Nei’s D was used as a measure of nucleotide diversity and divergence: diversity averaged 0.011 within samples, while the corrected divergence averaged 0 between samples within the same area and 0.061 between samples from different areas. Transversion haplotype minimum spanning networks, nucleotide divergence, and FST values all show that the western Atlantic samples were more closely related to each other than any was to samples from the eastern North Atlantic. Within the western North Atlantic, no significant population differentiation was observed, and within the eastern North Atlantic, only the Azores sample showed detectable differences from Crete and Madeira. These data indicate general homogeneity within large areas, and deep divisions between these areas.

Keywords

Control Region Reef Fish Mismatch Distribution Control Region Sequence Atlantic Population 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Jorge Kotas, Centro de Pesquisa e Extensão Pesqueira das Regiões Sudeste e Sul, Instituto do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis for Brazilian samples; Carlos Andrade, Direcção Regional das Pescas, Madeira and Gui Menezes, Departamento de Oceanografia e Pescas, Azores, for eastern Atlantic samples; and Antonios Magoulas, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Crete, for Crete samples. Patrick Harris made significant contributions to discussions of life history and fisheries, and two anonymous reviewers provided useful comments. This is Contribution no. 587 of the South Carolina Marine Resources Center. The experimental procedures complied with current national laws.

Supplementary material

227_2006_425_MOESM1_ESM.doc (42 kb)
Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. O. Ball
    • 1
  • M. G. Beal
    • 1
  • R. W. Chapman
    • 1
    Email author
  • G. R. Sedberry
    • 1
  1. 1.South Carolina Department of Natural ResourcesCharlestonUSA

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