Marine Biology

, Volume 149, Issue 6, pp 1431–1441 | Cite as

Reproduction in Balanus amphitrite Darwin (Cirripedia: Thoracica): influence of temperature and food concentration

Research Article

Abstract

Balanus amphitrite, an acorn barnacle, is distinctly euryhaline, eurythermal and a dominant fouling organism found in warm and temperate waters throughout the world. In this study, the influence of temperature and food concentration on the reproductive biology of this species collected from a tropical habitat was evaluated. Adult barnacles were maintained at 20, 25 and 30°C temperatures at different concentrations of food (50, 100, 150 and 200 Artemia ind−1 day−1). In this previously believed obligatory cross-fertilizing hermaphrodite, self-fertilization was observed. The rise in temperature from 20 to 30°C resulted in a longer interbreeding interval (6–7 days, 200 Artemia ind−1 day−1; 11–13 days, 50 Artemia ind−1 day−1). Computed carbon gained through feeding during the interbreeding interval indicated an inverse relationship to the temperature. At 20°C, although a greater amount of carbon was gained through feeding, the numbers of larvae produced were fivefold less when compared to those raised at 30°C. At 20°C, 2.3 μg C was required to produce a single larva, whereas at 30°C it was 0.4 μg C. A rise in rearing temperature also influenced the molting rate positively. Observations on temporal variation in the gonad development of this species in a tropical coastal environment influenced by the monsoons indicated gonad development to be positively related to chlorophyll a concentration.

Keywords

Food Concentration Successive Breeding Carbon Gain Paired Individual Mantle Cavity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to The Director, National Institute of Oceanography, for his support and encouragement. We are thankful to Dr. N.B. Bhosle for his advice during the course of this work. We thank Dr. S.S. Sawant and other colleagues of MCMRD for their help. Author, D. Desai greatly acknowledges CSIR, India for the award of Senior Research Fellowship. This work is supported by ONR grant no: N 0014-940423 and is an NIO contribution (no. 4118).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Marine Corrosion and Materials Research DivisionNational Institute of OceanographyDona PaulaIndia

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