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Marine Biology

, Volume 149, Issue 3, pp 465–481 | Cite as

Phylogeographic patterns of the mysid Mesopodopsis slabberi (Crustacea, Mysida) in Western Europe: evidence for high molecular diversity and cryptic speciation

  • Thomas Remerie
  • Tine Bourgois
  • Danny Peelaers
  • Andy Vierstraete
  • Jacques Vanfleteren
  • Ann Vanreusel
Research Article

Abstract

The phylogeographic patterns among populations of Mesopodopsis slabberi (Crustacea, Mysida), an ecological important mysid species of marine and estuarine habitats, were analysed by means of DNA sequencing of a fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) and the 16S ribosomal RNA genes. Samples of M. slabberi collected from five Atlantic and two Western Mediterranean populations were investigated. Very high levels of within-population molecular diversity were observed in all samples (mean h=0.807 and π=0.0083), with exception of the Mediterranean Ebro population which contained only one haplotype. Differentiation among populations was high, and a clear phylogeographic break was observed between the Atlantic and Mediterranean populations. Moreover, a strong differentiation was detected between both populations in the Western Mediterranean Sea (Alicante and Ebro delta), while two divergent lineages occurred in sympatry within the Atlantic Mondego estuary. The high congruence between both the COI and 16S rRNA sequence data, the reciprocal monophyly of the different mitochondrial clades and the levels of nucleotide divergence between them suggest the presence of a complex of cryptic species within M. slabberi. Estimations of divergence time between the different mitochondrial lineages indicate that a split occurred during the late Miocene/early Pliocene. Such a divergence could be concordant with vicariant events during sea-level drops within the Mediterranean region at that time. However, within the Mediterranean Sea, the potential of divergence through ecological diversification cannot be ruled out.

Keywords

Ebro Delta Messinian Salinity Crisis Mysid Species Mondego Estuary Shimodaira Hasegawa Test 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research is supported by the FWO project G029200, the GOA BOF project (1205398) ‘Biodiversity of marine benthic communities along ecological gradients’ from Ghent University (Flemish Government of Education) and the TROPHOS project of the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (contract No. EV/02/25A). We would like to thank J.-C. Dauvin, A. M. Sardo, M. Cunha, M. R. Pastorinho P. D. Moyano, C. Barbera, C. Ribera and T. Wooldridge for their help with collecting and providing samples.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Remerie
    • 1
    • 3
  • Tine Bourgois
    • 1
  • Danny Peelaers
    • 1
  • Andy Vierstraete
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jacques Vanfleteren
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ann Vanreusel
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Marine Biology Section, Biology DepartmentGhent UniversityGentBelgium
  2. 2.Biology DepartmentGhent UniversityGentBelgium
  3. 3.CeMoFE, Center for Molecular Phylogeny and EvolutionGhent UniversityGentBelgium

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