Marine Biology

, Volume 145, Issue 6, pp 1257–1264 | Cite as

Phylogeographic differentiation of storm petrels (Hydrobates pelagicus) based on cytochrome b mitochondrial DNA variation

Research Article

Abstract

We evaluated mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence variation in a 910 bp region of the cytochrome b gene of the storm petrel, Hydrobates pelagicus. Samples from birds collected from five populations in the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea were investigated. Genetic differentiation within the Mediterranean basin was low but high in the Atlantic. Strong differences were noted between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean populations, confirming the distinction of the subspecies H. p. pelagicus and H. p. melitensis for the Atlantic and Mediterranean seabirds, respectively. Divergence between the two subspecies probably resulted from paleogeographic changes in the Strait of Gibraltar, which was likely the route used by H. pelagicus to invade the Mediterranean Sea. Current and past demography and ecology of the storm petrel is regarded as an explanation for the level of differentiation observed within each oceanic basin. We compare the phylogeographic pattern of the storm petrel to other seabirds that breed in the same regions.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are greatly indebted to the persons who participated in sample collection: Jean-Claude Thibault (Corsica), Yann Lalanne (Marseille and Biarritz), Jacques Nisser, Bernard Cadiou and Gilles Bentz (Brittany), Frank d’Amico and Jean d’Elbée (Biarritz). We are grateful to Jon Fjeldså and the Zoological Museum at the University of Copenhagen for providing us samples from Faeroe. We thank Solange Karama for technical support and Barbara Mable, Valérie Laporte, and John O’Halloran for comments on the manuscript. Three anonymous reviewers and Associate Editor S. Poulet greatly helped to improve the quality of the manuscript. B. Lauga was supported by a grant from the ‘Société de Secours des Amis des Sciences’. The capture of French birds was under permit from the Centre de Recherche sur la Biologie des Populations d’Oiseaux (CRBPO), and blood collection was approved by the Ministère de l’Environnement et de l’Aménagement du Territoire.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire d’Ecologie Moléculaire, EA3525Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour, UFR Sciences et TechniquesPau CEDEXFrance
  2. 2.Centre de Recherches sur la Biologie des Populations d’Oiseaux, Station Maritime de RechercheMuséum National d’Histoire NaturelleBiarritzFrance
  3. 3.Laboratoire d’Ecologie Moléculaire, EA3525UFR Sciences et Techniques Côte BasqueAngletFrance

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