Mechano-sorptive experiments perpendicular to grain under tensile and compressive loads
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The present paper is part of a study concerning the long-term deformations and stresses in wood perpendicular to grain when subjected to variations of humidity. Experiments under sustained loading both in tension and compression are described. The effect of different humidity cycles, slow and fast cycles in high and low humidity ranges, on the deformations is studied. It can be observed from the test results, that the mechano-sorptive strains are highly significant, about five times the elastic deformation, although the load level is low and only a single humidity cycle is induced. The deformations are slightly higher in compression than in tension. The moisture range, where the humidity cycle occurred, did not have any major influence. The deformation was mostly dependant on the magnitude of the moisture change. The speed of the humidity cycle did not show any effect on the induced deformations over most of the humidity range, at the high humidity end some rate effects could be noticed.
KeywordsRate Effect Elastic Deformation Compressive Load Load Level High Humidity
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