Advertisement

Wood Science and Technology

, Volume 51, Issue 3, pp 507–516 | Cite as

The effect of sectioning and ultrasonication on the mesoporosity of poplar tension wood

  • Shan-Shan Chang
  • Françoise Quignard
  • Bruno Clair
Original
  • 205 Downloads

Abstract

Increasing interest in understanding tension stress generation in tension wood with fibres having a gelatinous layer (G-layer) has focused attention on the specific role of this layer. To distinguish its contribution from those of other wall layers, the G-layer of wood sections was isolated by ultrasonication. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of sectioning and of the ultrasonic treatment on the mesoporosity of tension wood using nitrogen adsorption–desorption analysis. The results showed that the process of isolating the G-layer using ultrasonication strongly affects its mesoporosity. Most damage was found to occur during sectioning rather than as a result of the 15-min ultrasonic treatment.

Keywords

Pore Size Distribution Ultrasonic Treatment Tension Wood Cell Wall Layer Wood Section 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank P. Brunier from Domaine Maspiquet in Grabels (Lycee Agropolis Montpellier) for the poplar tree used for this study and M. Chen for the pre-experiment work. This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31300481) and French National Research Agency (ANR-12-BS09-0004). The first author was supported by Chinese National Scholarship Fund.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Bowling AJ, Vaughn KC (2008) Immunocytochemical characterization of tension wood: gelatinous fibers contain more than just cellulose. Am J Bot 95:655–663CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Broekhoff JCP, de Boer JH (1967) Studies on pore systems in catalysts: IX. Calculation of pore distributions from the adsorption branch of nitrogen sorption isotherms in the case of open cylindrical pores A. Fundamental equations. J Catal 9:8–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brunauer S, Emmett PH, Teller E (1938) Adsorption of gases in multimolecular layers. J Am Chem Soc 60:309–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cansell F, Aymonier C, Loppinet-Serani A (2003) Review on materials science and supercritical fluids. Curr Opin Solid 7:331–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chang SS (2014) Study of macromolecular and structural modifications occurring during the building of the tension wood cell wall: a contribution to the understanding of the maturation stress generation in trees. Dissertation, University Montpellier II, Montpellier, FranceGoogle Scholar
  6. Chang SS, Clair B, Ruelle J, Beauchêne J, Di Renzo F, Quignard F, Zhao GJ, Yamamoto H, Gril J (2009) Mesoporosity as a new parameter in understanding of tension stress generation in trees. J Exp Bot 60:3023–3030CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Chang SS, Quignard F, Di Renzo F, Clair B (2012) Solvent Polarity and internal stresses control the swelling behaviour of green wood during dehydration in organic solution. BioResources 7:2418–2430Google Scholar
  8. Choat B, Ball M, Luly J, Holtum J (2003) Pit membrane porosity and water stress-induced cavitation in four co-existing dry rainforest tree species. Plant Physiol 131:41–48CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. Choat B, Jansen S, Zwieniecki MA, Smets E, Holbrook NM (2004) Changes in pit membrane porosity due to deflection and stretching: the role of vestured pits. J Exp Bot 55:1569–1575CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Clair B, Gril J, Baba K, Thibaut B, Sugiyama J (2005a) Precautions for the structural analysis of the gelatinous layer in tension wood. Iawa J 26:189–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Clair B, Thibaut B, Sugiyama H (2005b) On the detachment of the gelatinous layer in tension wood fiber. J Wood Sci 51:218–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Clair B, Gril J, Di Renzo F, Yamamoto H, Quignard F (2008) Characterization of a gel in the cell wall to elucidate the paradoxical shrinkage of tension wood. Biomacromolecules 9:494–498CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Daniel G, Filonova L, Kallas AM, Teeri T (2006) Morphological and chemical characterisation of the G-layer in tension wood fibres of Populus tremula and Betula verrucosa: labelling with cellulose-binding module CBM1 HjCel7A and fluorescence and FE-SEM microscopy. Holzforschung 60:618–624CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fang CH, Guibal D, Clair B, Gril J, Liu YM, Liu SQ (2008) Relationships between growth stress and wood properties in poplar I-69 (Populus deltoides Bartr. cv. “Lux” ex I-69/55). Ann For Sci 65:307–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fournier M, Alméras T, Clair B, Gril J (2014) Biomechanical action and biological functions of reaction wood. In: Gardiner B, Barnett J, Saranpaa P, Gril J (eds) The biology of reaction wood. Springer, Berlin, pp 139–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Fujita M, Saiki H, Harada H (1974) Electron microscopy of microtubules and cellulose microfibrils in secondary wall formation of poplar tension wood fibers. Mokuzai Gak 20:147–156Google Scholar
  17. Gregg SJ, Sing KSW (1982) Adsorption, surface area and porosity. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  18. Kaku T, Serada S, Baba K, Tanaka F, Hayashi T (2009) Proteomic analysis of the G-layer in poplar tension wood. J Wood Sci 55:250–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mellerowicz EJ, Immerzeel P, Hayashi T (2008) Xyloglucan: the molecular muscle of trees. Ann Bot 102:659–665CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. Nishikubo N, Awano T, Banasiak A, Bourquin V, Ibatullin F, Funada R, Brumer H, Teeri TT, Hayashi T, Sundberg B, Mellerowicz EJ (2007) Xyloglucan endo-transglycosylase (XET) functions in gelatinous layers of tension wood fibers in poplar: a glimpse into the mechanism of the balancing act of trees. Plant Cell Physiol 48:843–855CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Norberg PH, Meier H (1966) Physical and chemical properties of the gelatinous layer in tension wood fibre of aspen (Populus tremula L.). Holzforschung 20:174–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Olsson AM, Bjurhager I, Gerber L, Sundberg B, Salmén L (2011) Ultra-structural organization of cell wall polymers in normal and tension wood of aspen revealed by polarization FTIR microspectroscopy. Planta 233:1277–1286CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Pierre AC, Pajonk GM (2002) Chemistry of aerogels and their applications. Chem Rev 102:4243–4266CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Sing KSW, Everett DH, Haul RAW, Moscou L, Pierotti RA, Rouquerol J, Siemienewska T (1985) Reporting physisorption data for gas-solid systems. Pure Appl Chem 57:603–619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Suslick KS (1990) Sonochemistry. Science 247:1439–1445CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Timell TE (1986) Compression wood in Gymnosperms. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, vol, pp 1–3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tischer PCSF, Sierakowski MR, Westfahl H Jr, Tischer CA (2010) Nanostructural reorganization of bacterial cellulose by ultrasonic treatment. Biomacromolecules 11:1217–1224CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Wang S, Cheng Q (2009) A novel process to isolate fibrils from cellulose fibers by high-intensity ultrasonication, part 1: process optimization. J Appl Poly 113:1270–1275CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shan-Shan Chang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Françoise Quignard
    • 3
  • Bruno Clair
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.College of Materials Science and EngineeringCentral South University of Forestry and TechnologyChangshaPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Mécanique et Génie Civil (LMGC), CNRSUniversité de MontpellierMontpellierFrance
  3. 3.Institut Charles Gerhardt Montpellier, UMR 5253 CNRS, ENSCMUniversité de MontpellierMontpellier Cedex 5France
  4. 4.CNRS, UMR Ecologie des Forêts de Guyane (EcoFoG), AgroParisTech, CIRAD, INRA, Université des AntillesUniversité de GuyaneKourouFrance

Personalised recommendations