Wood Science and Technology

, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 627–641 | Cite as

Distribution of structure and lignin within growth rings of Norway spruce

  • Christian Lanvermann
  • Robert Evans
  • Uwe Schmitt
  • Stefan Hering
  • Peter Niemz


A radial core from a Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) estimated to be about 107 years old was cut from a board and was analyzed for density and microfibril angle (MFA). Furthermore, cell geometry, wall thickness and lignin distribution were analyzed on three selected growth rings in detail. Intra-ring differences in the density profiles are also true for cell wall thicknesses as well as radial and tangential lumen diameters. A higher MFA was found for earlywood with a slow decrease toward the latewood region. The lignin was found to remain rather constant throughout the growth rings, which suggests a constant chemical composition of the cell wall material within the growth ring. From the recorded datasets on a cellular level, it can be concluded that the main adaptation regarding structure–property relationships toward the optimization of water transport and mechanical stability is mainly achieved at the cell level.


Lignin Lignin Content Growth Ring Cell Wall Thickness Cell Geometry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The first author is grateful for the support provided by the Swiss National Science Foundation (Grant No. 125184). Parts of the current work were supported by COST Action FP0802, which funded a short-time scientific mission.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Lanvermann
    • 1
  • Robert Evans
    • 2
  • Uwe Schmitt
    • 3
  • Stefan Hering
    • 4
  • Peter Niemz
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Building Materials, WoodphysicsETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.CSIRO Materials Science and EngineeringClaytonAustralia
  3. 3.Thünen Institute for Wood Technology and Wood BiologyHamburgGermany
  4. 4.Institute for Building Materials, Computational Physics for Building MaterialsETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland

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