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An original impact device for biomass characterisation: results obtained for spruce and poplar at different moisture contents

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Abstract

This paper describes an experimental device designed to determine the mechanical behaviour of lignocellulosic products subjected to high strain rates. This impact system consists of a moving trolley equipped with an accelerometer, which is thrown against a fixed trolley. The sample is attached to the fixed trolley, and the accelerations of both trolleys during the impact are analysed to obtain stress/strain curves. A high-speed camera synchronised with a high-powered xenon flash records up to 4,000 frames/s. A set of tests on wood samples is described to illustrate the potential of this new device. In particular, the cross-effects of compression rate and moisture content were demonstrated by performing both quasi-static (1 mm min−1 using a conventional testing machine) and dynamic tests (1.7 m s−1 using the impact device). Poplar and spruce samples, equilibrated at three different moisture contents (air-dried, fibre saturation point (FSP) and fully saturated), were tested. Two findings are particularly worthy of mentioning: (1) despite the plasticising role of water, the sample at FSP exhibited a fragile behaviour at the high compression rate, (2) the resistance due to the expulsion of water out of saturated samples can be assessed only by performing an impact test.

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Acknowledgments

This work was financially supported by the ANR project TORBIGAP. The authors are grateful to the personnel of the LERFoB 3B team.

Author information

Correspondence to Floran Pierre.

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Supplementary material 1 (MPG 1394 kb)

Supplementary material 2 (MP4 5491 kb)

Supplementary material 3 (MP4 10716 kb)

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Pierre, F., Almeida, G., Huber, F. et al. An original impact device for biomass characterisation: results obtained for spruce and poplar at different moisture contents. Wood Sci Technol 47, 537–555 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00226-012-0512-9

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Keywords

  • Poplar
  • Wood Sample
  • Compression Rate
  • Saturated Sample
  • Fibre Saturation Point