Wood Science and Technology

, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 449–460 | Cite as

Effect of the addition of Acacia mangium bark on thermosetting of phenol–formaldehyde resin

  • Junko MiyazakiEmail author
  • Yasushi Hirabayashi


The effect of addition of Acacia mangium bark powder on the thermosetting processes of two commercial phenol resins, PF-A and PF-B, was examined by bond strength test, torsional braid analysis, and differential scanning calorimetry. When the bark powder was added to PF-A, the bond strength of plywood pressed at 110°C increased and was comparable to that of plywood pressed at 120 and 130°C. However, when the bark powder was added to PF-B, the bond strength of plywood pressed at 110°C was still lower than that of plywood pressed at 120 and 130°C. The relative rigidity and loss tangent of PF-A cured with the bark powder obtained by heating at 100°C were comparable to those at 120 and 140°C, and the reaction enthalpy was increased by bark powder addition. In contrast, chemical reactions for cured PF-B were not enhanced by bark powder addition.


Differential Scanning Calorimetry Bark Bond Strength Differential Scanning Calorimetry Curve Condensed Tannin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We express our sincere gratitude to Koshii & Co. Ltd. for providing the A. mangium bark powder. We also thank Professor Tsuda, Asahikawa National College of Technology, for his support during the NMR measurements and Mr. Yoshida, Hokkaido Industrial Research Institute, for his support during the DSC measurements.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hokkaido Research OrganizationForest Products Research InstituteAsahikawaJapan

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