Wood Science and Technology

, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 433–448 | Cite as

Performance of new and commercial xylanases for ECF and TCF bleaching of eucalyptus kraft pulp

  • Cristina Valls
  • Óscar Gallardo
  • Teresa Vidal
  • F. I. Javier Pastor
  • Pilar Díaz
  • M. Blanca RonceroEmail author


Since xylanases can differ widely in their bleaching efficiency, the performance of one new and two commercial xylanases was evaluated in an eucalyptus kraft pulp following XD (X: xylanase; D: chlorine dioxide) and XP (P: hydrogen peroxide) sequences. The new xylanase did not show a significant bleach boosting effect but increased the hexenuronic acid (HexA) removal by 10% after the D stage. The two commercial xylanases behaved in a different way, being one of them (XC) the most effective in increasing delignification (9%) and brightness (3%ISO). Its effectiveness was related to its greater action on releasing the xylan polymer, thus producing also a strong decrease in the HexA contents during the enzymatic stage (15%). All xylanases produced morphological changes in the fibre surfaces, but only with XC cracks and holes that improved the diffusion of reactives were observed. Finally, the best bleaching results were obtained with the XD sequence and therefore, a complete bleaching sequence XDEopD1 (Eop: alkaline extraction with oxygen and peroxide) was carried out with the best enzyme.


Control Sequence Kappa Number Xylobiose Bleaching Agent Chlorine Dioxide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was funded within the framework of Spain’s MEC FUNCICEL (CTQ2009-12904) project. C. Valls is grateful to UPC for the research fellowship to finalize the PhD studies. Torraspapel S.A. (Zaragoza, Spain) and Buckmann Laboratories Ibérica S.A. are gratefully acknowledged for supplying the pulp and commercial enzymes, respectively.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristina Valls
    • 1
  • Óscar Gallardo
    • 2
  • Teresa Vidal
    • 1
  • F. I. Javier Pastor
    • 2
  • Pilar Díaz
    • 2
  • M. Blanca Roncero
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Textile and Paper Engineering Department ETSEIATUniversitat Politècnica de CatalunyaTerrassaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology, Faculty of BiologyUniversity of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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