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Wood Science and Technology

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 339–357 | Cite as

Variations in physical and mechanical properties between tension and opposite wood from three tropical rainforest species

  • Julien RuelleEmail author
  • Jacques Beauchêne
  • Hiroyuki Yamamoto
  • Bernard Thibaut
Original

Abstract

Growth strains were measured in situ in nine trees of three species from a French Guiana tropical rainforest in a clearly active verticality restoration process. The aim was to detect tension wood within the samples. Wood specimens were cut in the vicinity of the growth strain measurements in order to determine the microfibril angle and some mechanical and physical properties. As suspected, tensile growth strain was much higher in tension wood zones, as shown by the slightly higher longitudinal modulus of elasticity. Conversely, tension wood showed reduced compression strength. Longitudinal shrinkage was much higher in tension wood than in opposite wood. Clear relationships between the microfibril angle and longitudinal properties were noted in comparison (i) with those observed in gymnosperm compression wood and (ii) with expected relationships from the organization of wood fibres cell wall structure.

Keywords

Compression Strength Compression Wood Basic Density Tension Wood Microfibril Angle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julien Ruelle
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jacques Beauchêne
    • 2
  • Hiroyuki Yamamoto
    • 1
  • Bernard Thibaut
    • 2
  1. 1.Graduate School of Bioagricultural SciencesNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  2. 2.UMR EcoFoGKourou CedexFrench Guiana

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