Wood Science and Technology

, Volume 44, Issue 4, pp 655–666 | Cite as

Tensile properties of Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) and its components with respect to its fiber-reinforced composite structure

  • Zhuo-Ping ShaoEmail author
  • Chang-Hua Fang
  • Sheng-Xia Huang
  • Gen-Lin Tian


Bamboo is a fiber-reinforced bio-composite since its culm wall is mainly composed of parenchymatous ground tissue in which vascular bundles are embedded. In order to analyze the mechanical properties of bamboo as a function of its components, tensile tests were performed on bamboo blocks and the corresponding volume fractions of fiber and parenchymatous ground tissue were measured. More significant linear relationships were found between tensile properties and volume fractions of the bamboo components. The tensile strength and modulus of elasticity of bamboo fiber and parenchymatous tissue were estimated according to the linear equations obtained by regression analysis. The macrographs of fractured bamboo blocks and the micrographs of fracture surfaces obtained by scanning electron microscope were also analyzed. Further tensile tests on separated bamboo fiber bundles were analyzed. Results show that the tensile strength of bamboo fiber obtained from the tests on bamboo blocks was higher than that on separated fiber bundles. This might be due to the interaction between components in bamboo in which parenchymatous ground tissue can pass loads and distribute the stresses loaded on fibers.


Vascular Bundle Fiber Bundle Fiber Volume Fraction Parenchymatous Tissue Bamboo Fiber 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhuo-Ping Shao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chang-Hua Fang
    • 2
  • Sheng-Xia Huang
    • 1
  • Gen-Lin Tian
    • 3
  1. 1.College of ForestryAnhui Agricultural UniversityHefeiChina
  2. 2.Département des sciences du bois et de la forêt, Centre de recherche sur le bois (CRB)Université LavalQuebecCanada
  3. 3.International Centre of Bamboo and RattanBeijingChina

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