Wood Science and Technology

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 13–29 | Cite as

Development of high-performance strand boards: engineering design and experimental investigations

  • Reinhard StürzenbecherEmail author
  • Karin Hofstetter
  • Thomas Bogensperger
  • Gerhard Schickhofer
  • Josef Eberhardsteiner


Strand-based engineered wood products such as oriented strand boards enjoy great popularity in structural engineering and are widely used for a variety of applications. To strengthen their competitiveness and to enlarge their range of utilization particularly in the load-bearing sector, the mechanical properties of these products need to be improved. This motivated the research efforts to use large-area, slender veneer strands for the production of strand boards with increased stiffness and strength. Target-oriented development of these products requires comprehending the effects of the relevant (micro-)characteristics, such as wood quality, strand geometry, and strand orientation and compaction during the production process, as well as layer assembly and density profile, on the mechanical properties of the finished strand boards. Comprehensive test series, in which these effects on tension, bending and shear properties of the boards have been studied individually, are presented in this paper. The obtained results provided insight into the microstructural load-carrying mechanisms and, thus, yielded valuable knowledge for product optimization and further improvement of custom-designed strand-based engineered wood products.


Compression Wood Wood Quality Oriented Strand Board Laminate Veneer Lumber Layer Assembly 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to thank Dr. Olaf Treusch, Salzburg University of Applied Sciences, Ing. Christian Schmid, Vienna University of Technology, and Ing. Bernd Heissenberger, Graz University of Technology for their support in producing the strand boards and performing the experiments. The funding by the Federal Ministry of Economics and Labor of the Republic of Austria (BMWA), the Styrian Business Promotion Agency (SFG), The Federal State of Styria and by the municipality of Graz is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reinhard Stürzenbecher
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Karin Hofstetter
    • 1
  • Thomas Bogensperger
    • 3
  • Gerhard Schickhofer
    • 2
    • 3
  • Josef Eberhardsteiner
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Mechanics of Materials and StructuresVienna University of TechnologyWienAustria
  2. 2.Holz.bau.forschungs Ltd.GrazAustria
  3. 3.Institute for Timber Engineering and Wood TechnologyGraz University of TechnologyGrazAustria

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