Wood Science and Technology

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 133–148 | Cite as

Quantification of urea formaldehyde resin in wood fibers using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy

  • Hooshang Pakdel
  • Pierre-Louis Cyr
  • Bernard RiedlEmail author
  • James Deng


The potential merits of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) technique for the quantification of nitrogen on the wood fiber surface before and after resination with UF resin was investigated and the resin content was calculated. The bulk nitrogen content of the fibers obtained by XPS after grinding was compared with those obtained by combustion and Kjeldahl methods. Four different fluorescence staining agents were tested by UV spectroscopy. Their λmax shifted to longer wavelengths when reacted with UF resin. Appropriate analysis conditions were tested for a satisfactory analysis of wood fibers by the confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). The result obtained by CLSM was compared with that obtained by XPS.


Lignin Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy Wood Fiber Medium Density Fibreboard Resin Loading 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hooshang Pakdel
    • 1
  • Pierre-Louis Cyr
    • 1
  • Bernard Riedl
    • 1
    Email author
  • James Deng
    • 2
  1. 1.Département des sciences du bois et de la forêt, Faculté de foresterie et de géomatiqueUniversité LavalQuebecCanada
  2. 2.Forintek Canada CorpQuebecCanada

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