Etidronate (EHDP) Inhibits Osteoclastic-Bone Resorption, Promotes Apoptosis and Disrupts Actin Rings in Isolate-Mature Osteoclasts
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Bisphosphonates, therapeutic reagents against tumoral bone diseases (Paget's disease or osteoporosis), are potent inhibitors of bone resorption. The mechanisms by which they directly act on mature osteoclasts remain unclear. Using a recently developed technique for isolation of highly purified mammalian mature osteoclasts, we demonstrated that etidronate [ethane-1-hydroxy-1,1-diphosphonate (EHDP), 1-hydroxy-1,1-ethylidenebisphosphonate], inhibited directly osteoclastic bone-resorbing activity by pit assay. In addition, EHDP also directly induced apoptosis and disrupted actin rings in osteoclasts. The data support previous data on non-purified osteoclasts and results in vivo.
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