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Calcified Tissue International

, Volume 61, Issue 5, pp 418–425 | Cite as

The Domain of Hypertrophic Chondrocytes in Growth Plates Growing at Different Rates

  • G. J.  Breur
  • M. D.  Lapierre
  • K.  Kazmierczak
  • K. M.  Stechuchak
  • G. P.  McCabe

Abstract.

In this study, we tested the hypotheses that (a) both the domain volume (volume of the cell and the matrix it has formed) and matrix volume of juxtametaphyseal hypertrophic chondrocytes in the growth plate is tightly controlled, and that (b) the domain volume of juxtametaphyseal hypertrophic chondrocytes is a strong determinant of the rate of bone length growth. We analyzed the rate of bone length growth (oxytetracycline labeling techniques) and nine stereologic and kinetic parameters related to the juxtametaphyseal chondrocytic domain in the proximal and distal radial and tibial growth plates of 21- and 35-day-old rats. The domain volume increased with increasing growth rates, independent of the location of the growth plate and the age of the animal. Within age groups, the matrix volume per cell increased with increasing growth rates, but an identical growth plate had the same matrix volume per cell in 21- and 35-day-old rats. The most suitable regression model (R 2= 0.992) to describe the rate of bone length growth included the mean volume of juxtametaphyseal hypertrophic chondrocytes and the mean rate of cell loss/cell proliferation. This relationship was independent of the location of the growth plate and the age of the animal. The data suggest that the domain volume of juxtametaphyseal hypertrophic chondrocytes, as well as the matrix volume produced per cell, may be tightly regulated. In addition, the volume of juxtametaphyseal hypertrophic chondrocytes and the rate of cell loss/rate of cell proliferation may play the most important role in the determination of the rate of bone length growth.

Key words: Bone length growth — Growth plate — Chondrocytic domain — Matrix — Hypertrophic chondrocyte. 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. J.  Breur
    • 1
  • M. D.  Lapierre
    • 1
  • K.  Kazmierczak
    • 1
  • K. M.  Stechuchak
    • 2
  • G. P.  McCabe
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907US
  2. 2.Department of Statistics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907US

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