Calcified Tissue International

, Volume 83, Issue 4, pp 251–259

Acid-Suppressive Medications and Risk of Bone Loss and Fracture in Older Adults

  • Elaine W. Yu
  • Terri Blackwell
  • Kristine E. Ensrud
  • Teresa A. Hillier
  • Nancy E. Lane
  • Eric Orwoll
  • Douglas C. Bauer
Article

Abstract

Recent studies have suggested an increased fracture risk with acid-suppressive medication use. We studied two cohorts of men and women over age 65 who were enrolled in the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Study (MrOS) and the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF), respectively. We used dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and assessed baseline use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and/or H2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs) in 5,755 men and 5,339 women. Medication use and bone mineral density (BMD) were assessed, and hip and other nonspine fractures were documented. On multivariate analysis, men using either PPIs or H2RAs had lower cross-sectional bone mass. No significant BMD differences were observed among women. However, there was an increased risk of nonspine fracture among women using PPIs (relative hazard [RH] = 1.34, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.10–1.64). PPI use was also associated with an increased risk of nonspine fracture in men but only among those who were not taking calcium supplements (RH = 1.49, 95% CI 1.04–2.14). H2RA use was not associated with nonspine fractures, and neither H2RA use nor PPI use was associated with incident hip fractures in men or women. The use of PPIs in older women, and perhaps older men with low calcium intake, may be associated with a modestly increased risk of nonspine fracture.

Keywords

Bone density Fracture H2 receptor antagonist Proton pump inhibitor 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elaine W. Yu
    • 1
  • Terri Blackwell
    • 2
  • Kristine E. Ensrud
    • 3
    • 4
  • Teresa A. Hillier
    • 5
  • Nancy E. Lane
    • 6
  • Eric Orwoll
    • 7
  • Douglas C. Bauer
    • 8
  1. 1.Endocrine DivisionMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  2. 2.California Pacific Medical Center Research InstituteSan FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes ResearchVA Medical CenterMinneapolisUSA
  4. 4.Department of Epidemiology and Community HealthUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  5. 5.Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, Northwest and HawaiiPortlandUSA
  6. 6.University of CaliforniaDavisUSA
  7. 7.Oregon Health and Science UniversityPortland USA
  8. 8.University of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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