Calcified Tissue International

, Volume 79, Issue 3, pp 169–178 | Cite as

Runx2 Overexpression Enhances Osteoblastic Differentiation and Mineralization in Adipose - Derived Stem Cells in vitro and in vivo

Laboratory Investigations

Abstract

Like bone marrow stromal cells, adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) possess multilineage potential, a capacity for self-renewal and long-term viability. To confirm whether ADSCs represent a promising source of cells for gene-enhanced bone tissue-engineering, the osteogenic potential of ADSCs under the control of certain osteoinductive genes has been evaluated. Runx2, a transcription factor at the downstream end of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathways, is essential for osteoblast differentiation and bone formation. In this study we used adenovirus vector to deliver Runx2 to ADSCs and then examined the enhancement of osteogenic activity. Overexpression of Runx2 inhibited adipogenesis, as demonstrated by suppression of LPL and PPARγ expression at the mRNA level and reduced lipid droplet formation. Moreover, ADSCs transduced with Ad-Runx2 underwent rapid and marked osteoblast differentiation as determined by osteoblastic gene expression, alkaline phosphatase activity and mineral deposition. Additionally, histological examination revealed that implantation of Runx2 modified ADSCs could induce mineral deposition and bone-like tissue formation in vivo. These results confirmed, firstly, the ability of Runx2 to promote osteogenesis and cell differentiation and, secondly, the competence of ADSCs as target cells for bone tissue engineering. Our work demonstrates a potential new approach for bone repair using Runx2-modified ADSCs for bone tissue engineering.

Keywords

Adipose–derived stem cells Runx2 Gene therapy Differentiation Osteogenesis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sports MedicinePeking University Third HospitalBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Basic Medical SciencesPeking University Health Science CenterBeijingChina
  3. 3.Department of OrthopedicsWannan Medical College Yijishan HospitalWuhuChina

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