Calcified Tissue International

, Volume 74, Issue 4, pp 322–329 | Cite as

Insulin-Like Growth Factor I Is a Determinant of Hip Bone Mineral Density in Men Less Than 60 years of Age: MINOS Study

  • P. Szulc
  • M. O. Joly–Pharaboz
  • F. Marchand
  • P. D. Delmas


Several studies show that in elderly men bone mineral density (BMD) is not correlated with the insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) level, but data are scanty in young men. Results of studies correlating insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) and BMD in men are discordant. As different hypotheses can explain the discordant results, we evaluated the correlation of BMD with serum IGF-I, IGFBP-3, and IGF-I/IGFBP-3 index in a large cohort of 721 men aged 19–85 years taking into account age, body weight, 17β-estradiol, free testosterone, and parathyroid hormone. Serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 decreased with age (r = −0.44 and r = −0.36, P = 0.0001). After adjustment for confounding variables, IGF-I correlated weakly positively with BMD and with bone mineral apparent density (BMAD) of hip as well as with cortical thickness of femoral neck, both of which are determined mainly by bone resorption, but not with bone size determined by periosteal apposition. IGF-I correlated weakly positively with BMD at the whole body and at the third lumbar vertebra IGFBP-3 and IGF-I/IGFBP-3 index did not correlate with densitometric parameters. In men aged 19–60 years, IGF-I correlated with BMD and BMAD of total hip and with cortical thickness of femoral neck positively and more strongly than in the entire cohort but not with the size of proximal femur. BMD of total hip was 6% higher in men in the highest quartile of IGF-I than in men in the lowest quartile. IGF-I, IGFBP-3, and IGF-I/IGFBP-3 index did not correlate with densitometric parameters of other sites. In the men aged more than 60 years, neither IGF-I nor IGFBP-3 nor IGF-I/IGFBP-3 index correlated with BMD, BMAD, or bone size. In men aged 19–60 years, the most significant hormonal determinants of BMD and BMAD of the hip and of the cortical thickness of femoral neck were 17β-estradiol and IGF-I (P < 0.05–0.0001). In men aged more than 60 years, the most significant determinants of hip BMD were 17β-estradiol and PTH. In conclusion, IGF-I seems to contribute to the inhibition of bone resorption and to maintaining bone mass of the proximal femur during the phase of slow bone loss in men aged less than 60 years. IGFBP-3 and IGF-I/IGFBP-3 index were not correlated with BMD or bone size.


Male osteoporosis Bone mineral density Insulin-like growth factor I Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Szulc
    • 1
  • M. O. Joly–Pharaboz
    • 2
  • F. Marchand
    • 3
  • P. D. Delmas
    • 1
  1. 1.INSERM 403 Research UnitHôpital Edouard Herriot, 69437 LyonFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Biochimie EndocrinienneHôpital Edouard Herriot, 69437 LyonFrance
  3. 3.Société de Secours Minière de Bourgogne71300 Montceau les MinesFrance

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