Modulation of Cytosolic Calcium Levels in Osteoblast-like Osteosarcoma Cells by Olpadronate and its Amino-Derivative IG-9402
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The molecular mechanisms as well as the structure/activity relationships involved in the antiresorptive actions of bisphosphonates on bone cells are still not clear. Replacement of the R1-hydroxyl by an NH2 group in olpadronate (OPD) abolishes its antiresorptive activity. We show here that in the rat osteosarcoma-derived osteoblast-like ROS 17/2.8 cell line, OPD and IG-9402 (NH2-OPD; [3-(N,N-dimethylamine)-1-aminopropylidene bisphosphonate]), similar to 1,25(OH)2-vitamin D3, rapidly modulate cytosolic calcium levels ([Ca2+]i). As for the steroid hormone, the osteosarcoma cell Ca2+i response to OPD was rapid (30 sec) and sustained (>5 min), exhibiting a biphasic profile. The response to IG-9402 was also fast but smaller than that of OPD and 1,25(OH)2D3, and rapidly declined to levels near basal. The effect of these bisphosphonates on [Ca2+]i was dose-dependent, being maximal at 10?8 M and was not observed in non-bone cellular systems, e.g., skeletal muscle and breast cells. Pretreatment of the ROS 17/2.8 cells with the Ca2+ channel blockers nifedipine and verapamil markedly reduced (>70%) the influx phase of the response to OPD and almost completely inhibited that of IG-9402, indicating the participation of voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels in the action of both compounds. Moreover, preincubation with the phospholipase C inhibitors U73122 and neomycin or depletion of inner stores with thapsigargin completely blocked the response to either olpadronate or its amino-derivative. Both OPD and IG-9402 significantly increased osteocalcin release into the culture medium of osteosarcoma cells. The results support the involvement of the Ca2+ signaling pathway as part of the mechanism by which bisphosphonates induce bone cellular responses.
KeywordsVerapamil Osteosarcoma Nifedipine Bisphosphonates Osteocalcin
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