Characteristics of motor unit recruitment in boys and men at maximal and submaximal force levels
The aim of this study was to compare voluntary activation (VA) and motor units (MU) recruitment patterns between boys and men at different contraction levels of the knee extensor muscles. We hypothesized that boys and men would display similar VA and MU recruitment patterns at low submaximal force levels, but that boys would display a lower utilization of their higher-threshold MU and a lower VA at near-maximal and maximal force levels than men. 11 prepubertal boys and 13 men were tested at the optimal knee angle. Next, VA was assessed using the twitch interpolation technique during maximal (MVC) and submaximal isometric voluntary contractions. Mean firing rate (MFR), recruitment threshold (RT) and motor unit action potential size (MUAPSIZE) were extracted to characterize neural strategies. No significant difference between groups was found for VA at every contraction level. Similarly, no significant difference was found for the MFR vs. RT relationship parameters between groups. For the vastus lateralis (VL) muscle, the MUAPSIZE vs. RT relationship differed between boys and men independent of the contraction level (p < 0.05). Boys also displayed a different MFR vs. MUAPSIZE relationship on the VL muscle independent of the contraction level (p < 0.05). To conclude, no difference between boys and men was found for VA regardless of the contraction level investigated. Differences in motor unit recruitment parameters between boys and men seem to be explained by different muscle dimensions between groups.
KeywordsChildren Muscle activation Magnetic nerve stimulation EMG decomposition
The authors are grateful to Pr. Geraldine Naughton for the edition of the manuscript, and Pr. Daniel Courteix for his help with the statistical analysis.
The study was designed by EC, EP, BB, SR and VM. EC, EP, BB, VJ, OB, MD, SR and VM contributed to the data collection, data analysis and interpretation of the data, drafting, and revising the manuscript. All authors approved the final version of the manuscript.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
No conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise, are declared by the authors.
- Cohen J (1969) Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Geneva IE, Krasteva MB, Kostianev SS (2002) Age-related changes of the somatosensory evoked potentials in healthy children. Folia Med (Plovdiv) 44:13–18Google Scholar
- Kent-Braun JA, Le Blanc R (1996) Quantitation of central activation failure during maximal voluntary contractions in humans. Muscle Nerve 19:861–869. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4598(199607)19:7%3C861::AID-MUS8%3E3.0.CO;2-7 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar