Experimental Brain Research

, Volume 236, Issue 11, pp 3053–3064 | Cite as

Prefrontal activation during Stroop and Wisconsin card sort tasks in children with developmental coordination disorder: a NIRS study

  • Jennifer K. Lange KochEmail author
  • Helga Miguel
  • Ann L. Smiley-Oyen
Research Article


We used near-infrared spectroscopy to examine dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) activation over time in 10 children with or at-risk-for developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and 11 typically developing children (ages 8–12) during tasks involving executive processing. The groups performed with similar accuracy on the Stroop and Wisconsin card sort (WCST), but their underlying neural activation differed. Typically developing children modulated DLPFC activity over time and showed rightward lateralization during Stroop but no lateralization during WCST. The DCD group exhibited high and sustained activation across hemispheres and tasks, which we suggest is a compensatory effort to maintain response accuracy.


DCD Executive function Prefrontal cortex Near-infrared spectroscopy 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer K. Lange Koch
    • 1
    Email author
  • Helga Miguel
    • 2
  • Ann L. Smiley-Oyen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of KinesiologyIowa State UniversityAmesUSA
  2. 2.University of MinhoBragaPortugal

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