Advertisement

Experimental Brain Research

, Volume 233, Issue 11, pp 3313–3321 | Cite as

Influence of short incompatible practice on the Simon effect: transfer along the vertical dimension and across vertical and horizontal dimensions

  • Erick F. Q. Conde
  • Roberto Sena Fraga-Filho
  • Allan Pablo Lameira
  • Daniel C. Mograbi
  • Lucia Riggio
  • Luiz G. Gawryszewski
Research Article

Abstract

In spatial compatibility and Simon tasks, the response is faster when stimulus and response locations are on the same side than when they are on opposite sides. It has been shown that a spatial incompatible practice leads to a subsequent modulation of the Simon effect along the horizontal dimension. It has also been reported that this modulation occurs both along and across vertical and horizontal dimensions, but only after intensive incompatible training (600 trials). In this work, we show that this modulatory effect can be obtained with a smaller number of incompatible trials, changing the spatial arrangement of the vertical response keys to obtain a stronger dimensional overlap between the spatial codes of stimuli and response keys. The results of Experiment 1 showed that 80 incompatible vertical trials abolished the Simon effect in the same dimension. Experiment 2 showed that a modulation of the vertical Simon effect could be obtained after 80 horizontal incompatible trials. Experiment 3 explored whether the transfer effect can also occur in a horizontal Simon task after a brief vertical spatial incompatibility task, and results were similar to the previous experiments. In conclusion, we suggest that the spatial arrangement between response key and stimulus locations may be critical to establish the short-term memory links that enable the transfer of learning between brief incompatible practices and the Simon effects, both along the vertical dimension and across vertical and horizontal dimensions.

Keywords

Spatial compatibility Simon effect Transfer of learning Dimensional overlap Short-term memory 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Research financially supported by: Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq): Proc. 450588/2009-2, Proc. 309544/2009-2, Proc. 483611/2009-3, Proc. 455353/2012-3, Proc. 312189/2012-5, Proc. 478834/2013-6, PIBIC/UFF/CNPq, PIBITI/UFF/CNPq. Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES): Proc. AEX 1249/13-4, PROAP/CAPES/UFF. Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ): Edital FAPERJ no. 06/2013 (Pró-idoso)—Proc. 110.079/2013, E-26/101.958/2010, E-26/101.061/2011, E-26/100.661/2013, E-26/102.160/2013. Pró-Reitoria de Pesquisa, Pós-graduação e Inovação da Universidade Federal Fluminense: FOPESQ/PROPPi/UFF.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have not conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in the study were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

References

  1. Ambrosecchia M, Marino BF, Gawryszewski LG, Riggio L (2015) Spatial stimulus-response compatibility and affordance effects are not ruled by the same mechanisms. Front Human Neurosci. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00283 Google Scholar
  2. Baroni G, Yamaguchi M, Chen J, Proctor RW (2013) Mechanisms underlying transfer of task-defined rules across feature dimensions. Exp Psychol. doi: 10.1027/1618-3169/a000214 PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Creekmur B, Vu KP (2011) Effect of prior practice on the stimulus-response compatibility effect in a mixed mapping environment. Am J Psychol 125(3):335–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gawryszewski LG, Riggio L, Rizzolatti G, Umiltà C (1987) Movements of attention in the three spatial dimensions and the meaning of “neutral” cues. Neuropsychologia 25(IA):19–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hommel B (2011) The Simon effect as tool and heuristic. Acta Psychol 136(2):189–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kornblum S, Hasbroucq T, Osman A (1990) Dimensional overlap: cognitive basis for stimulus-response compatibility—A model and taxonomy. Psychol Rev 97(2):253–270CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Liu X, Park Y, Gu X, Fan J (2010) Dimensional overlap accounts for independence and integration of stimulus—response compatibility effects. Atten Percept Psychophys 72(6):1710–1720CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Marini M, Iani C, Nicoletti R, Rubichi S (2011) Between-task transfer of learning from spatial compatibility to a color Stroop task. Exp Psychol. doi: 10.1027/1618-3169/a000115 PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Ottoboni G, Iani C, Tessari A, Rubichi S (2013) Modulation of the affordance effect through transfer of learning. Q J Exp Psychol 66(12):2295–2302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Proctor RW (2013) Stimulus affect valence may influence mapping-rule selection but does not reverse the spatial compatibility effect: reinterpretation of Conde et al. (2011). Psychol Neurosci 6(1):3–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Proctor RW, Lu CH (1999) Processing irrelevant location information: practice and transfer effects in choice-reaction tasks. Mem Cognit 27(1):63–77CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Proctor RW, Vu KPL (2006) Stimulus-response compatibility principles: data, theory, and application. CRC Press, Florida Google Scholar
  13. Rigon J, Massaccesi S, Umiltà C (2011) A Simon effect for depth in three-dimensional displays. Am J Psychol 124(4): 395–403CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Soetens E, Maetens K, Zeischka P (2010) Practice-induced and sequential modulations of the Simon effect. Atten Percept Psychophys 72(4):895–911CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Tagliabue M, Zorzi M, Umiltà C, Bassignani F (2000) The role of long-term-memory and short-term-memory links in the Simon effect. J Exp Psychol Human Percept Perform 26(2):648–670CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Tagliabue M, Vidotto G, Umiltà C, Altoè G, Treccani B, Spera P (2007) The measurement of left-right asymmetries in the Simon effect: a fine-grained analysis. Behav Res Methods 39(1):50–61CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Treccani B, Milanese N, Umiltà C (2010) Influence on Simon and SNARC effects of a nonspatial stimulus-response mapping: between-task logical recoding. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 36:1239–1254CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Umiltà C, Zorzi M (1997) Commentary on Barber and O’Leary: learning and attention in S–R compatibility. In: Hommel B, Prinz W (eds) Theoretical issues in stimulus–response compatibility. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 173–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Van der Lubbe RH, Abrahamse EL (2011) The premotor theory of attention and the Simon effect. Acta Psychol 136(2):259–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Van der Lubbe RH, Abrahamse EL, De Kleine E (2012) The premotor theory of attention as an account for the Simon effect. Acta Psychol 140(1):25–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Vu KPL (2007) Influences on the Simon effect of prior practice with spatially incompatible mappings: transfer within and between horizontal and vertical dimensions. Mem Cognit 35(6):1463–1471CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erick F. Q. Conde
    • 1
  • Roberto Sena Fraga-Filho
    • 2
  • Allan Pablo Lameira
    • 3
    • 7
  • Daniel C. Mograbi
    • 4
    • 5
  • Lucia Riggio
    • 6
  • Luiz G. Gawryszewski
    • 2
  1. 1.Programa de Pós-graduação em PsicologiaUniversidade Federal de PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  2. 2.Programa de Pós-graduação em Neurociências, Instituto de BiologiaUniversidade Federal FluminenseNiteróiBrazil
  3. 3.Unidade Acadêmica Ciências da VidaUniversidade Federal de Campina GrandeCajazeirasBrazil
  4. 4.Departamento de PsicologiaPontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  5. 5.Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and NeuroscienceKing’s College LondonLondonUK
  6. 6.Dipartimento di NeuroscienzeUniversità di ParmaParmaItaly
  7. 7.Centro de Formação de Professores–Unidade Acadêmica Ciências da VidaUniversidade Federal de Campina GrandeCajazeirasBrazil

Personalised recommendations