Experimental Brain Research

, Volume 223, Issue 2, pp 311–319 | Cite as

Time dilation caused by static images with implied motion

  • Kentaro YamamotoEmail author
  • Kayo Miura
Research Article


The present study examined whether implicit motion information from static images influences perceived duration of image presentation. In Experiments 1 and 2, we presented observers with images of a human and an animal character in running and standing postures. The results revealed that the perceived presentation duration of running images was longer than that of standing images. In Experiments 3 and 4, we used abstract block-like images that imitated the human figures used in Experiment 1, presented with different instructions to change the observers’ interpretations of the stimuli. We found that the perceived duration of the block image presented as a man running was longer than that of the image presented as a man standing still. However, this effect diminished when the participants were told the images were green onions (objects with no implied motion), suggesting that the effect of implied motion cannot be attributed to low-level visual differences. These results suggest that implied motion increases the perceived duration of image presentation. The potential involvement of higher-order motion processing and the mirror neuron system is discussed.


Time perception Implied motion Static images MT Mirror neurons 



This work was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Fellows #224466 to K. Y. and Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research #20330153 to K. M. from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Human-Environment StudiesKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of Human-Environment StudiesKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

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