Enhanced sensory perception in synaesthesia
- 1.2k Downloads
Previous findings imply that synaesthetic experience may have consequences for sensory processing of stimuli that do not themselves trigger synaesthesia. For example, synaesthetes who experience colour show enhanced perceptual processing of colour compared to non-synaesthetes. This study aimed to investigate whether enhanced perceptual processing was a core property of synaesthesia by contrasting tactile and colour sensitivity in synaesthetes who experience either colour, touch, or both touch and colour as evoked sensations. For comparison the performance of non-synaesthetic control subjects was also assessed. There was a relationship between the modality of synaesthetic experience and the modality of sensory enhancement. Synaesthetes who experience colour have enhanced colour sensitivity and synaesthetes who experience touch have enhanced tactile sensitivity. These findings suggest the possibility that a hyper-sensitive concurrent perceptual system is a general property of synaesthesia and are discussed in relation to theories of the condition.
KeywordsSynaesthesia Colour Touch Sensory perception Multisensory processing Cross-modal plasticity
MJB is supported by an Economic and Social Research Council Studentship. This work was partly supported by a MRC grant to VW. We would like to thank Gerrit Maus and Clare Jonas for assistance with the research.
- Blake R, Palmeri TJ, Marois R, Kim CY (2005) On the perceptual reality of synesthetic color. In: Robertson L, Sagiv N (eds) Synesthesia: perspectives from cognitive neuroscience. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 47–73Google Scholar
- Goller A, Otten L, Ward J (2009) Seeing sounds and hearing colours: an event-related potential study of audio-visual synaesthesia. J Cogn Neurosci. doi: 10.1162/jocn2009.21134
- Howell DC (2002) Statistical methods for psychology. Thomson Learning, USAGoogle Scholar
- Johnsen KO, Philips JR (1981) Tactile spatial resolution. I. Two-point discrimination, gap detection, grating resolution, and letter recognition. J Neurophysiol 46:1177–1191Google Scholar
- Kaplan E (1991) The receptive field of retinal ganglion cells in cat and monkey. In: Leventhal AG (ed) Vision and visual dysfunction. CRC Press, Boston, pp 10–40Google Scholar
- Robertson D, Davies I, Davidoff J (2000) Colour categories are not universal: replications and new evidence from a stone-age culture. J Exp Psychol 129:369–398Google Scholar
- Sagiv N, Ward J (2006) Cross-modal interactions: lessons from synaesthesia. Prog Brain Res 155:263–275Google Scholar