Experimental Brain Research

, Volume 195, Issue 4, pp 621–626 | Cite as

Head roll dependent variability of subjective visual vertical and ocular counterroll

  • Alexander A. Tarnutzer
  • Christopher J. Bockisch
  • Dominik Straumann
Research Note

Abstract

We compared the variability of the subjective visual vertical (SVV) and static ocular counterroll (OCR), and hypothesized a correlation between the measurements because of their shared macular input. SVV and OCR were measured simultaneously in various whole-body roll positions [upright, 45° right-ear down (RED), and 75° RED] in six subjects. Gains of OCR were −0.18 (45° RED) and −0.12 (75° RED), whereas gains of compensation for body roll in the SVV task were −1.11 (45° RED) and −0.96 (75° RED). Normalized SVV and OCR variabilities were not significantly different (P > 0.05), i.e., both increased with increasing roll. Moreover, a significant correlation (R2 = 0.80, slope = 0.29) between SVV and OCR variabilities was found. Whereas the gain of OCR is different from the gain of SVV, trial-to-trial variability of OCR follows the same roll-dependent modulation observed in SVV variability. We propose that the similarities in variability reflect a common otolith input, which, however, is subject to distinct central processing for determining the gain of SVV and OCR.

Keywords

Vestibular Otolith organs Eye movements Perception 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander A. Tarnutzer
    • 1
  • Christopher J. Bockisch
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dominik Straumann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyZurich University HospitalZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Departments of Otorhinolaryngology and OphthalmologyZurich University HospitalZurichSwitzerland

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