Experimental Brain Research

, Volume 181, Issue 2, pp 221–228 | Cite as

Visual flow influences gait transition speed and preferred walking speed

  • Betty J. MohlerEmail author
  • William B. Thompson
  • Sarah H. Creem-Regehr
  • Herbert L. PickJr
  • William H. WarrenJr
Research Article


It is typically assumed that basic features of human gait are determined by purely biomechanical factors. In two experiments, we test whether gait transition speed and preferred walking speed are also influenced by visual information about the speed of self-motion. The visual flow during treadmill locomotion was manipulated to be slower than, matched to, or faster than the physical gait speed (visual gains of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0). Higher flow rates elicit significantly lower transition speeds for both the Walk–Run and Run–Walk transition, as expected. Similarly, higher flow rates elicit significantly lower preferred walking speeds. These results suggest that visual information becomes calibrated to mechanical or energetic aspects of gait and contributes to the control of locomotor behavior.


Walking Speed Transition Speed Visual Gain Slow Condition Belt Speed 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Betty J. Mohler
    • 1
    Email author
  • William B. Thompson
    • 1
  • Sarah H. Creem-Regehr
    • 2
  • Herbert L. PickJr
    • 3
  • William H. WarrenJr
    • 4
  1. 1.School of ComputingUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  2. 2.Psychology DepartmentUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  3. 3.University of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  4. 4.Brown UniversityProvidenceUSA

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