Preserved dynamic cerebral autoregulation in the middle cerebral artery among persons with migraine
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Migraine affects the autonomous nervous system and a recent investigation has also proposed a severe disturbance of dynamic cerebral blood flow regulation in the middle cerebral artery during spontaneous blood pressure oscillations. This study investigates whether dynamic cerebral autoregulation is impaired in persons with migraine among a normal cohort. Out of 94 adults studied to establish normal values for dynamic autoregulation, 19 suffered from migraine according to IHS criteria (10 of them with aura). Transcranial Doppler sonography and fingerplethysmography were used to determine dynamic autoregulation of both middle cerebral arteries following spontaneous low frequency (0.06–0.12 Hz) blood pressure fluctuations (phase and gain of transfer function, correlation coefficient indices Dx and Mx). No significant differences were found for the low frequency variability of blood pressure (power spectral density) and various indices of dynamic cerebral autoregulation between persons with and without migraine. Moreover, no differences were observed between persons with migraine, with and without aura. This study based on a normal cohort does not support the presence of generally impaired cerebral autoregulation dynamics in persons with migraine. Future studies should focus on posterior circulation and particular cerebellar autoregulation.
KeywordsMigraine Cerebral blood flow Cerebral autoregulation
M. Re. acknowledges support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG (He 1949/4-1 and Ti 315/4-1).