Experimental Brain Research

, Volume 173, Issue 4, pp 708–712 | Cite as

Anti-saccades away from faces: evidence for an influence of high-level visual processes on saccade programming

  • Iain D. GilchristEmail author
  • Henning Proske
Research Article


The anti-saccade task is an important tool for investigating both the generation of voluntary saccades and the suppression of involuntary, stimulus driven, saccades. In the anti-saccade task participants have to suppress an involuntary saccade to the stimulus in order to generate a voluntary saccade away from the stimulus. The extent to which errors occur in this task indicates the ability of the stimulus to trigger an orienting response that is beyond the control of the participant. Here we show an increase in anti-saccade error rates away from an upright face compared to a non-upright face. This suggests that complex high-level visual properties of the stimulus can influence whether involuntary orienting occurs.


Saccade Latency Face Stimulus Orienting Response Saccadic Reaction Time Correct Saccade 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



IDG is supported by the UK EPSRC and the Wellcome Trust. HP was supported by a Wellcome Trust vacation scholarship. We thank Casimir Ludwig for comments on a draft of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Experimental PsychologyUniversity of BristolBristolUK

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