Experimental Brain Research

, Volume 166, Issue 3–4, pp 455–464 | Cite as

Temporal frequency characteristics of synchrony–asynchrony discrimination of audio-visual signals

  • Waka Fujisaki
  • Shin’ya NishidaEmail author
Research Article


Temporal synchrony is a critical condition for integrating information presented in different sensory modalities. To gain insight into the mechanism underlying synchrony perception of audio-visual signals we examined temporal limits for human participants to detect synchronous audio-visual stimuli. Specifically, we measured the percentage correctness of synchrony–asynchrony discrimination as a function of audio-visual lag while changing the temporal frequency and/or modulation waveforms. Audio-visual stimuli were a luminance-modulated Gaussian blob and amplitude-modulated white noise. The results indicated that synchrony–asynchrony discrimination became nearly impossible for periodic pulse trains at temporal frequencies higher than 4 Hz, even when the lag was large enough for discrimination with single pulses (Experiment 1). This temporal limitation cannot be ascribed to peripheral low-pass filters in either vision or audition (Experiment 2), which suggests that the temporal limit reflects a property of a more central mechanism located at or before cross-modal signal comparison. We also found that the functional behaviour of this central mechanism could not be approximated by a linear low-pass filter (Experiment 3). These results are consistent with a hypothesis that the perception of audio-visual synchrony is based on comparison of salient temporal features individuated from within-modal signal streams.


Psychophysics Visual perception Auditory perception Time perception Discrimination 



We thank Makio Kashino (NTT), Shinsuke Shimojo (CalTech), Alan Johnston (UCL), Derek Arnold (UCL), and the Human Frontier Science Program (RGP0070/2003-C).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NTT Communication Science LaboratoriesAtsugiJapan

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