The brain’s fingers and hands
The brain keeps track of the changing positions of body parts in space using a spatial body schema. When subjects localise a tactile stimulus on the skin, they might either use a somatotopic body map, or use a body schema to identify the location of the stimulation in external space. Healthy subjects were touched on the fingertips, with the hands in one of two postures: either the right hand was vertically above the left, or the fingers of both hands were interwoven. Subjects made speeded verbal responses to identify either the finger or the hand that was touched. Interweaving the fingers significantly impaired hand identification across several experiments, but had no effect on finger identification. Our results suggest that identification of fingers occurs in a somatotopic representation or finger schema. Identification of hands uses a general body schema, and is influenced by external spatial location. This dissociation implies that touches on the finger can only be identified with a particular hand after a process of assigning fingers to hands. This assignment is based on external spatial location. Our results suggest a role of the body schema in the identification of structural body parts from touch.
KeywordsTouch Somatosensory Finger Hand Body schema Human
- Henri V (1898) Ueber die. Raumwhrnehmungen des Tastsinnes. Reuther & Reichard BerlinGoogle Scholar
- Howell DC (1997) Statistical methods for psychology. 4th edn. Duxbury, BostonGoogle Scholar
- Penfield W, Rasmussen T (1950) The cerebral cortex of man; a clinical study of localization of function. Macmillan, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Schilder P, Klein E (1935) Japanese Illusion and postural model of the body. J Ment Nerv Disord 70:241–263Google Scholar
- Weber EH (1834) The sense of touch. Academic, LondonGoogle Scholar