Experimental Brain Research

, Volume 167, Issue 2, pp 260–267

Sensory re-weighting in human postural control during moving-scene perturbations

  • Arash Mahboobin
  • Patrick J. Loughlin
  • Mark S. Redfern
  • Patrick J. Sparto
Research Article

Abstract

The aim of the current study was to further investigate a recently proposed “sensory re-weighting” hypothesis, by evoking anterior–posterior (AP) body sway using visual stimuli during sway-referencing of the support surface. Twelve healthy adults participated in this study. Subjects stood on the platform while looking at a visual scene that encompassed the full horizontal field of view. A sequence of scene movements was presented to the subjects consisting of multiple visual push/pull perturbations; in between the first two push/pull sequences, the scene either moved randomly or was stationary. The peak-squared velocity of AP center-of-pressure (COP) was computed within a 6 s window following each push and pull. The peak-squared velocity was lowest for the push/pull sequence immediately following the random moving scene. These results are consistent with the sensory re-weighting hypothesis, wherein the sensory integration process reduced the contribution of visual sensory input during the random moving scene interval. We also found evidence of habituation to moving scene perturbations with repeated exposure.

Keywords

Feedback Balance Vision Sensory integration 

References

  1. Asten WNJC van, Gielen CCAM, Denier van der Gon JJ (1988) Postural adjustments induced by simulated motion of differently structured environments. Exp Brain Res 73:371–383CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bertenthal BI, Bai DL (1989) Infants sensitivity to optical flow for controlling posture. Dev Psy 25:936–945CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Berthoz A, Lacour M, Soechting JF, Vidal PP (1979) The role of vision in the control of posture during linear motion. Prog Brain Res 50:197–209PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Berthoz A, Pavard B, Young RL (1975) Perception of linear horizontal self-motion induced by peripheral vision (linearvection) basic characteristics and visual-vestibular interactions. Exp Brain Res 23:471–489PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Bles W, Kapteyn TS, Brandt T, Arnold F (1980) The mechanism of physiological height vertigo. II. Posturography. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 89:534–540CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Borger LL, Whitney SL, Redfern MS, Furman JM (1999) The influence of dynamic visual environments on postural sway in the elderly. J Ves Res 9:197–205Google Scholar
  7. Bronstein AM (1986) Suppression of visually evoked postural responses. Exp Brain Res 63:655–658CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Chong RKY, Jones CL, Horak FB (1999) Postural set for balance control is normal in Alzheimer’s but not in Parkinson’s disease. J Gerontol A Biol 54(3):M129–M135Google Scholar
  9. Chong RKY, Horak FB, Woollacott MH (2000) Parkinson’s disease impairs the ability to change set quickly. J Neurol Sci 175(1):57–70CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Collins JJ, De Luca CJ (1993) Open-loop and closed-loop control of posture: a random-walk analysis of center of pressure trajectories. Exp Brain Res 95:308–318CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Day BL, Severac Cauquil A, Bartolomei L, Pastor MA, Lyon IN (1997) Human body-segment tilts induced by galvanic stimulation: a vestibularly driven balance protection mechanism. J Physiol 500:661–672PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Fitzpatrick R, Burke D, Gandevia SC (1996) Loop gain of reflexes controlling human standingmeasured with the use of postural and vestibular disturbances. J Neurophysiol 76:3994–4008PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Horak FB, Macpherson JM (1996) Postural orientation and equilibrium. In: Shepard J, Rowell L (eds) Exercise: regulation and integration of multiple Systems (Handbook of physiology, sect 12). Oxford University Press, New York, pp 255–292Google Scholar
  14. Jeka J, Oie KS, Kiemel T (2000) Multisensory information for human postural control: integrating touch and vision. Exp Brain Res 134:107–125CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Johansson R, Magnusson M, Akesson M (1988) Identification of human postural dynamics. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 35(10):858–869CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. van der Kooij H, Jacobs R, Koopman B, Grootenboer H (1999) A multisensory integration model of human stance control. Bio Cybern 80:299–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lee DN, Aronson E (1974) Visual proprioceptive control of standing in human infants. Perception Psychophy 15:529–532Google Scholar
  18. Lee DN, Lishman JR (1975) Visual proprioceptive control of stance. J Hum Mov Stud 1:87–95Google Scholar
  19. Lestienne F, Soechting J, Berthoz A (1977) Postural readjustments induced by linear motion of visual scenes. Exp Brain Res 28:363–384CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Magnusson M, Enbom H, Johansson R, Pyykko I (1990) Significance of pressor input from the human feet in anterior–posterior postural control. The effect of hypothermia on vibration-induced body-sway. Acta Otolaryngol 110:182–188PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Maki BE (1986) Selection of perturbation parameters for identification of the posture control system. Med Biol Eng Comput 24:561–568PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Morasso PG, Baratto L, Capra R, Spada G (1999) Internal models in the control of posture. Neural Netw 12:1173–1180CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Nashner LM (1971) A model describing vestibular detection of body sway motion. Acta Otolaryng 72:429–436PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nashner LM, Black FO, Wall C III (1982) Adaptation to altered support and visual conditions during stance: patients with vestibular deficits. J Neurosci 2(5):536–544PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Nashner LM, Wolfson P (1974) Influence of head position and proprioceptive cues on short latency postural reflexes evoked by galvanic vestibular simulation of the human labyrinth. Brain Res 67:255–268Google Scholar
  26. Oie KS, Kiemel T, Jeka JJ (2002) Multisensory fusion: simultaneous re-weighting of vision and touch for the control of human posture. Cognitive Brain Res 14:164–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Paulus WM, Straube A, Brandt T (1984) Visual stabilization of posture. Physiological stimulus characteristics and clinical aspects. Brain 107:1143–1163PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Peterka RJ (2002) Sensorimotor integration in human postural control. J Neurophysiol 88:1097–1118PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Peterka RJ (2003) Simplifying the complexities of maintaining balance. IEEE Eng Med Biol 22(2):63–68CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Peterka RJ, Benolken MS (1995) Role of somatosensory and vestibular cues in attenuating visually induced human postural sway. Exp Brain Res 105:101–110CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Peterka RJ, Loughlin PJ (2004) Dynamic regulation of sensorimotor integration in human postural control. J Neurophysiol 91:410–423PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Redfern MS, Furman JM (1994) Postural sway of patients with vestibular disorders during optic flow. J Ves Res 4:221–230Google Scholar
  33. Soames RW, Atha J (1982) The spectral characteristics of postural sway behaviour. Eur J Appl Physiol 49:169–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Soechting JF, Berthoz A (1979) Dynamic role of vision in the control of posture in man. Exp Brain Res 36:551–561CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Sparto PJ, Jasko JG, Loughlin PJ (2004) Detecting postural responses to sinusoidal sensory inputs: a statistical approach. IEEE Trans Neur Sys Reh Eng 12(3):360–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sundermier L, Woollacott MH, Jensen JL, Moore S (1996) Postural sensitivity to visual flow in aging adults with and without balance problems. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 51:M45–M52PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Winter DA, Patla AE, Rietdyk S, Ishac MG (2001) Ankle muscle stiffness in the control of balance during quiet standing. J Neurophysiol 85:2630–2633PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Winter DA, Prince F, Frank JS, Powell C, Zabjek KF (1996) Unified theory regarding A/P and M/L balance in quiet stance. J Neurophysiol 75:2334–2343PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arash Mahboobin
    • 1
  • Patrick J. Loughlin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mark S. Redfern
    • 2
    • 3
  • Patrick J. Sparto
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Department of BioengineeringUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  3. 3.Department of OtolaryngologyUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  4. 4.Department of Physical TherapyUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

Personalised recommendations