Advertisement

Experimental Brain Research

, Volume 160, Issue 3, pp 283–289 | Cite as

Perceived reachability: the roles of handedness and hemifield

  • Martin H. Fischer
Research Article

Abstract

The impact of reaching experience on the ability to predict one’s own reaching range was investigated. Left- and right-handed participants made verbal estimates about the reachability of a target object for both arms in ipsilateral and contralateral frontal space. There was a significant overestimation bias in both groups and for both hands. The overestimation bias increased with the target object’s eccentricity in contralateral space. The implications of these findings for models of motor control and motor imagery are discussed.

Keywords

Hand preference Motor imagery Movement planning Perceived reachability 

Notes

Acknowledgements

I thank Birgitt Aßfalg for data collection and John Stins for discussions about this work, as well as an anonymous reviewer for helpful comments. This work was sponsored by the Royal Society (RSRG 21632).

References

  1. Annett M (1970) A classification of hand preference by association analysis. Br J Psychol 61:303–321PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bizzi E, Hogan N, Mussa-Ivaldi FA, Giszter S (1992) Does the nervous system use equilibrium-point control to guide single and multiple joint movements? Behav Brain Sci 15:603–613Google Scholar
  3. Bootsma RJ, Bakker FC, van Snippenberg F, Tdlohreg CW (1992) The effect of anxiety on perceiving the reachability of passing objects. Ecol Psychol 4:1–16Google Scholar
  4. Bryden MP, Singh M, Steenhuis RE, Clarkson KL (1994) A behavioral measure of hand preference as opposed to hand skill. Neuropsychologia 32:991–999CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Carello C, Grosofsky A, Reichel FD, Solomon HY, Turvey MT (1989) Visually perceiving what is reachable. Ecol Psychol 1:27–54Google Scholar
  6. Decety J, Jeannerod M (1996) Mentally simulated movements in virtual reality: Behav Brain Res 72:127–134Google Scholar
  7. di Pellegrino G, Frassinetti F (2000) Direct evidence from parietal extinction of enhancement of visual attention near a visible hand. Curr Biol 10:1475–1477CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Fischer MH (2000) Estimating reachability: whole body engagement or postural stability? Hum Mov Sci 19:297–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fischer MH (2003) Can we correctly perceive the reaching range of others? Br J Psychol 94:487–500CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Fischer MH, Rosenbaum DA, Vaughan J (1997) Speed and sequential effects in reaching. J Exp Psychol Hum Percep Perform 23:404–428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fischer MH, Stewart C, Wood AR (2004) Does motor imagery depend on movement skills? In: Y. Coello (ed) Fonctionnement et dysfonctionnement perceptif et moteur. Presse Universitaires du Septentrion, Lille (in press)Google Scholar
  12. Fisk JD, Goodale MA (1985) The organization of eye and limb movements during unrestricted reaching to targets in contralateral and ipsilateral visual space. Exp Brain Res 60:159–178PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Fitts PM (1954) The information capacity of the human motor system in controlling the amplitude of movement. J Exp Psychol 47:381–391. Reprinted 1992 in: J Exp Psychol Gen 121:262–269Google Scholar
  14. Gerardin E, Sirigu A, Lehericy S, Pauline J-B, Gaymard B, Marsault C, Agid Y, Le Bihan D (2000) Partially overlapping neural network for real and imagined hand movements. Cereb Cortex 10:1093–1104CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Goodale MA, Milner AD (2004) Sights unseen. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  16. Graziano MSA, Gross CG (1998) Spatial maps for the control of movement. Curr Opin Neurobiol 8:195–201CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Graziano MSA, Yap GS, Gross CG (1994) Coding of visual space by premotor neurons. Science 266:1054–1057PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Jeannerod M (1988) The neural and behavioural organization of goal-directed movements. Clarendon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  19. Jeannerod M (1997) The cognitive neuroscience of action. Blackwell, Cambridge MAGoogle Scholar
  20. Johnson SH (2000) Thinking ahead: The case for motor imagery in prospective judgments of prehension. Cognition 74:33–70CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Keogh J, Sugden D (1985) Movement skill development. Macmillan, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  22. Li C-SR (2000) Impairment of motor imagery in putamen lesions in humans. Neurosci Lett 287:13–16CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Lorch RF, Myers JL (1990) Regression analyses of repeated measures data in cognition research. J Exp Psychol Learni Mem Cogni 16:149–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Mark LS, Nemeth K, Gardner D, Dainoff MJ, Paasche J, Duffy M, Grandt K (1997) Postural dynamics and the preferred critical boundary for visually guided reaching. J Exp Psychol Hum Percep Perform 23:1365–1379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Maruff P, Velakoulis D (2000) The voluntary control of motor imagery. Imagined movements in individuals with feigned motor impairment and conversion disorder. Neuropsychologia 9:1251–1260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Maruff P, Wilson PH, De Fazio J, Cerritelli B, Hedt A, Currie J (1999) Asymmetries between dominant and non-dominant hands in real and imagined motor task performance. Neuropsychologia 37:379–384CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Milner AD, Goodale MA (1995) The visual brain in action. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  28. Palmer SE (1999) Vision science: photons to phenomenology. MIT Press, Cambridge MAGoogle Scholar
  29. Parsons LM (1994) Temporal and kinematic properties of motor behavior reflected in mentally simulated action. J Exp Psychol Hum Percep Perform 20:709–730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rizzolatti G, Luppino G (2001) The cortical motor system. Neuron 31:889–901CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Robinovitch SN (1998) Perception of postural limits during reaching. J Mot Behav 30:352–358Google Scholar
  32. Rochat P, Wraga M (1997) An account of the systematic error in judging what is reachable. J Exp Psychol Hum Percep Perform 23:199–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Rosenbaum DA, Loukopoulos LD, Meulenbroek RGJ, Vaughan J, Engelbrecht SE (1995) Planning reaches by evaluating stored postures. Psychol Rev 102:28–67CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Rosenbaum DA, Meulenbroek RG, Vaughan J, Jansen C (2001) Posture-based motion planning: applications to grasping. Psychol Rev 108:709–734CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Sirigu A, Duhamel JR (2001) Motor and visual imagery as two complementary but neurally dissociable mental processes. J Cogn Neurosci 13:910–919CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Stins JF, Kadar EE, Costall A (2001) A kinematic analysis of hand selection in a reaching task. Laterality 6:347–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Viguier A, Clement G, Trotter Y (2001) Distance perception within near visual space. Perception 30:115–124CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of DundeeDundeeUK

Personalised recommendations