Effective Interactions Due to Quantum Fluctuations
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A class of quantum lattice models is considered, with Hamiltonians consisting of a classical (diagonal) part and a small off-diagonal part (e.g. hopping terms). In some cases when the classical part has an infinite degeneracy of ground states, the quantum perturbation may stabilize some of them. The mechanism of this stabilization stems from effective potential created by the quantum perturbation.
Conditions are found when this strategy can be rigorously controlled and the low temperature phase diagram of the full quantum model can be proven to be a small deformation of the zero temperature phase diagram of the classical part with the effective potential added. As illustrations we discuss the asymmetric Hubbard model and the Bose–Hubbard model.
KeywordsEffective Potential Hubbard Model Small Deformation Effective Interaction Zero Temperature
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