Communications in Mathematical Physics

, Volume 216, Issue 2, pp 461–490 | Cite as

Goldstone Boson Normal Coordinates

  • T. Michoel
  • A. Verbeure

Abstract:

The phenomenon of spontaneous symmetry breaking is well known. It is known to be accompanied with the appearance of the “Goldstone boson”. In this paper we construct the canonical coordinates of the Goldstone boson, for quantum spin systems with short range as well as long range interactions.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Michoel
    • 1
  • A. Verbeure
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituut voor Theoretische Fysica, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium. E-mail: tom.michoel@fys.kuleuven.ac.be; andre.verbeure@fys.kuleuven.ac.beBE

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