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Communications in Mathematical Physics

, Volume 318, Issue 3, pp 809–830 | Cite as

Thermodyamic Bounds on Drude Weights in Terms of Almost-conserved Quantities

  • Enej Ilievski
  • Tomaž Prosen
Article

Abstract

We consider one-dimensional translationally invariant quantum spin (or fermionic) lattices and prove a Mazur-type inequality bounding the time-averaged thermodynamic limit of a finite-temperature expectation of a spatio-temporal autocorrelation function of a local observable in terms of quasi-local conservation laws with open boundary conditions. Namely, the commutator between the Hamiltonian and the conservation law of a finite chain may result in boundary terms only. No reference to techniques used in Suzuki’s proof of Mazur bound is made (which strictly applies only to finite-size systems with exact conservation laws), but Lieb-Robinson bounds and exponential clustering theorems of quasi-local C* quantum spin algebras are invoked instead. Our result has an important application in the transport theory of quantum spin chains, in particular it provides rigorous non-trivial examples of positive finite-temperature spin Drude weight in the anisotropic Heisenberg XXZ spin 1/2 chain (Prosen, in Phys Rev Lett 106:217206, 2011).

Keywords

Spin Chain Thermodynamic Limit Quantum Spin Gibbs State Linear Response Theory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and PhysicsUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia

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