Identification of the key odorants in raw French beans and changes during cooking
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By application of aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA) to an extract prepared from raw French beans, 25 odour-active compounds with flavour dilution (FD) factors in the range 4–2048 were detected and subsequently identified. Among them, (Z)-3-hexenal (green, leaf-like), 1-octene-3-one (mushroom-like), 3-isobutyl-2-methoxypyrazine (earthy, beany) and (E,Z)-2,6-nonadienal (cucumber-like) showed the highest FD factors. In an extract prepared from the same amount of cooked beans, 3-isobutyl-2-methoxypyrazine was identified as the most potent odorant, followed by 1,5-(Z)-octadiene-3-one (geranium-like), 3-isopropyl-2-methoxypyrazine (earthy, beany), 3-(methylthio)propanal (methional; cooked potato), 4,5-epoxy-(E)-2-decenal (metallic) and an unknown compound (FD 256) with a smell of geranium leaves. A decrease in (Z)-3-hexenal and 1-pentene-3-one (etheral, pungent) and an increase in methional during cooking were shown to be mainly responsible for the flavour changes induced by cooking the beans.
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