Studies on iodine content in daily diets and selected dairy products
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Poland's people have moderate – and in seaside areas mild – degrees of severity of iodine deficiency. A national program has been introduced for obligatory iodine prophylaxis and includes the iodination of household salt to the extent of 30 ±10 mg KI/kg. In order to assess the extent of iodine consumption, analytical studies were carried out on iodine content in average Polish diets. Taking into account the fact that milk formulae are frequently the basic source of iodine for infants, studies were performed on the iodine content in selected dairy products, mainly infant formulae. Iodine concentrations in samples were determined in duplicate by radioactive neutron activation analysis (RNAA). The iodine content in Polish diets without added iodinated kitchen salt was low and insufficient to provide the Polish RDA for this element. The results of the analytical investigations of the daily diets showed higher iodine content in comparison to theoretical calculations. The theoretical values accounted for 71–85% of the analytical ones. Study of iodine content in infant formula demonstrated differences between the analytically determined iodine content in products and that declared by producers.
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