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New triploids late-maturing mandarins as a rich source of antioxidant compounds

  • Sawsen Sdiri
  • José Cuenca
  • Pilar Navarro
  • Alejandra SalvadorEmail author
  • Almudena BermejoEmail author
Original Paper
  • 24 Downloads

Abstract

Juices from nine new late-season triploid mandarins (Tania-46 (1), Tania-47 (2), Omet (3), Albir (4), Tania-48 (5), Tania-43 (6), Tania-44 (7), Coral (8), and Matiz (9), and from their parents were analyzed for mainly internal quality attributes, vitamin C, total phenolics, flavonoids, phenolic, and organic acids. Antioxidant activity was measured by three methods, the DPPH free radical-scavenging assay, ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) test, and ABTS analysis. All the new hybrids exhibited high internal and nutritional quality which may be considerate rich sources of phytochemicals. Among the nine varieties, Tania-48 hybrid was shown to be the richest in vitamin C, flavanones (hesperidin, eriocitrin, and neoeriocitrin), polymethoxyflavones, and malic and succinic acids. Furthermore, the juice of this new triploid hybrid displayed high antioxidant capacity which may make it important for human diet as a source of health-promoting components. On the other hand, Tania-44, Tania-48, and Tania-43 fruit juices exhibited greater content of eriocitrin and neoeriocitrin than the others.

Keywords

Hybrids Vitamin C Antioxidant activity Flavanones Polymethoxyflavones Organic acids 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias, FEDER and ESF funds (IVIA-51423 from Consellería de Agricultura, Generalitat Valenciana, Valencia, Spain). The authors wish to thank Dr. Luis Navarro for his support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Research involving human and/or animal participants

The research does not include any human subjects and animal experiments.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de Tecnología PostcosechaInstituto Valenciano de Investigaciones AgrariasValenciaSpain
  2. 2.Centro de Protección Vegetal y BiotecnologíaInstituto Valenciano de Investigaciones AgrariasValenciaSpain
  3. 3.Centro de Citricultura y Producción VegetalInstituto Valenciano de Investigaciones AgrariasValenciaSpain

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