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Chemometric analysis of Chinese red wines using stir bar sorptive extraction combined with GC–MS analysis

  • Ke Tang
  • Jianning Hu
  • Wenlai FanEmail author
  • Yan Xu
  • Ji-Ming Li
Original Paper
  • 24 Downloads

Abstract

The aim of this work was to compare EG–Silicone and PDMS polymeric phases based on stir bar sorptive extraction method for the analysis of volatile compounds in Chinese red wines. The impact of vintages, regions and grape varieties on volatile compounds was also evaluated, and chemometric analyses were applied to achieve a possible differentiation of the wines. The results demonstrated that EG–Silicone Twister high correlation coefficients and low standard deviations were obtained for 58 major volatile compounds of wine by use of EG–silicon. Significant differences in the levels of certain volatiles were observed according to cultivars, vintages and geographical origins through analysis of variance. A satisfactory linear discriminant analysis resulted for red wines on the basis of cultivars, vintages and geographical origins was observed, in which the correct classification was 100% and the leave-one-out validation accuracy was 96.3%.

Keywords

Chinese red wines Stir bar sorptive extraction EG–Silicone Twister Volatile compounds Chemometric analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by National Key R&D Program (2016YFD0400504), and National First-class Discipline Program of Light Industry Technology and Engineering (LITE2018-012). All wine samples were provided by ChangYu Winery.

Compliance ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Compliance with ethics requirements

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology of Ministry of EducationJiangnan UniversityWuxiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Food Science and TechnologyJiangnan UniversityWuxiPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Center of Science and Technology, ChangYu Group Company Ltd.YantaiPeople’s Republic of China

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