European Food Research and Technology

, Volume 244, Issue 12, pp 2117–2125 | Cite as

Use of verjuice as an acidic salad seasoning ingredient: evaluation by consumers’ liking and Check-All-That-Apply

  • Amanda Dupas de Matos
  • Massimiliano Magli
  • Matteo MarangonEmail author
  • Andrea Curioni
  • Gabriella Pasini
  • Simone Vincenzi
Original Paper


Verjuice is an unfermented juice produced by pressing unripe grapes used as acidifying in food preparations. In this study, the drivers of consumers’ liking of three acidic salad seasonings (verjuice, lemon juice, and white wine vinegar) were compared by Check-All-That-Apply test. Results showed that overall liking scores were not different for salads seasoned with verjuice and lemon juice, whereas they were significantly higher for those seasoned with vinegar. The liking was associated with moderate sweetness and vinegar aroma typical of vinegar, while it was opposed to lemon aroma, astringent, bitter, high acidity, aqueous viscosity, yellowish color of seasoning, herbaceous, and vegetable aroma typical of lemon juice and verjuice. The approach used resulted appropriate to identify the drivers of liking. Results showed that verjuice can be a valid alternative to common acidic salad seasoning, and indicated the directions for future improvements of this product.


Verjuice Salad seasoning Sensory evaluation Consumer test Unripe grape juice Check-All-That-Apply 



This work was support by Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) (Grant number: 204483/2014-0) and University of Padova. This study was undertaken as part of the PhD program Land, Environment, Resources, and Health of Amanda Dupas de Matos. The authors wish to thank Marco Lucchetta for donating the grapes.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Compliance with ethics requirements

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

All subjects involved in the sensory study were preliminary informed about the aim of the research and the nature of the samples and a signed consent form was collected from each panellist. No personal data were collected or used in any forms.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals and Environment (DAFNAE)University of PadovaLegnaro (PD)Italy
  2. 2.Centre for Research in Viticulture and Enology (CIRVE)Conegliano (TV)Italy
  3. 3.IBIMET-BIOAGRIFOOD Department CNRBolognaItaly

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