European Food Research and Technology

, Volume 229, Issue 2, pp 307–317 | Cite as

Effects of oxidase and protease treatments on the breadmaking functionality of a range of gluten-free flours

Original Paper

Abstract

In this study, the application of glucose oxidase and protease commercial preparations was investigated in order to evaluate their impact on the breadmaking performance of four different gluten-free flours (buckwheat, corn, sorghum and teff). Bread formulas were developed without addition of hydrocolloids in order to avoid synergistic effects. Glucose oxidase improved corn (CR) and sorghum (SG) bread quality by increasing specific volume (P < 0.05) and reducing collapsing at the top. The improvements could be related to protein polymerization which resulted in enhanced continuity of the protein phase and elastic-like behavior of CR and SG batters. No significant effects were detected on buckwheat (BW) and teff breads. On the other hand, protease treatment had detrimental effects on the textural quality of BW and SG breads. The effects were related to protein degradation resulting in increased liquid-like behaviour of BW and SG batters. Overall, the results of this study suggest that protein polymerisation can improve the breadmaking performance of gluten-free flours by enhancing elastic-like behaviour of batters. However, the protein source is a key element determining the impact of the enzymes. In the absence of hydrocolloids, protein structures are important to ensure the textural quality of these types of breads.

Keywords

Gluten-free Rheology Bread Microstructure Glucose oxidase Protease 

Abbreviations

BW

Buckwheat

CD

Celiac disease

CLSM

Confocal laser scanning microscopy

CON

Control

CR

Corn

GF

Gluten-free

GO

Glucose oxidase

PR

Protease

SG

Sorghum

TF

Teff

TPA

Texture profile analysis

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Food and Nutritional SciencesUniversity College CorkCorkIreland
  2. 2.Biotransfer UnitNational University of IrelandCorkIreland

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