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European Food Research and Technology

, Volume 225, Issue 2, pp 151–156 | Cite as

Antimicrobial activity and bioactive compounds of Portuguese wild edible mushrooms methanolic extracts

  • Lillian Barros
  • Ricardo C. Calhelha
  • Josiana A. Vaz
  • Isabel C. F. R. Ferreira
  • Paula Baptista
  • Letícia M. Estevinho
Original Paper

Abstract

The antimicrobial properties of phenolic extracts of Portuguese wild edible mushroom species (Lactarius deliciosus, Sarcodon imbricatus and Tricholoma portentosum) against pathogens were investigated. The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were evaluated for the entire mushroom, the cap and the stipe, separately; the portion of the mushroom used proved to be influenced in the results obtained, which are directly correlated with the content of total phenols and flavonoids in the extracts. The growth of Gram-positive bacteria (Bacillus cereus, B. subtilis,) was well inhibited by these mushrooms, while Escherichia coli (Gram-negative bacteria) was resistant. The study on the antifungal effect of these mushrooms revealed that Candida albicans and Cryptococcus neoformans were differently inhibited for the mushrooms used.

Keywords

Wild edible mushrooms Bioactive compounds Antimicrobial activity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the Foundation for Science and Technology (Portugal) for financial support through CIMO – ESABragança and through project POCI/AGR/56661/2004.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lillian Barros
    • 1
  • Ricardo C. Calhelha
    • 1
  • Josiana A. Vaz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Isabel C. F. R. Ferreira
    • 1
  • Paula Baptista
    • 1
  • Letícia M. Estevinho
    • 1
  1. 1.CIMO – Escola Superior Agrária, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Campus de Sta. ApolóniaBragançaPortugal
  2. 2.Escola Superior de Saúde, Instituto Politécnico de BragançaBragançaPortugal

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