European Food Research and Technology

, Volume 221, Issue 3–4, pp 416–422 | Cite as

Epoxidized soy bean oil (ESBO) migrating from the gaskets of lids into food packed in glass jars

  • Anja Fankhauser-Noti
  • Katell Fiselier
  • Sandra Biedermann
  • Maurus Biedermann
  • Koni Grob
  • Franz Armellini
  • Karl Rieger
  • Ingun Skjevrak
Original Paper


Epoxidized soy bean oil (ESBO) was determined in foods packed in glass jars closed by lids with a poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) gasket. The methyl ester of a diepoxy linoleic acid isomer was measured, using transesterification directly in the homogenized food and on-line HPLC-GC-FID analysis. Infant foods from the Swiss market consisting of vegetables, potato and rice or muesli with fruits and berries contained less than 7 mg/kg ESBO, but meat (its fat?) strongly increased ESBO migration up to 86 mg/kg. Some 12% of the products exceeded 15 mg/kg. Austrian and Norwegian samples gave similar results.

Edible oil strongly extracts the ESBO from the gasket in food contact within a few weeks. Since this part of the gasket on average contained 91 mg ESBO, the legal limit is likely to be far exceeded whenever the food contains free oil contacting the gasket, such as oily sauces or vegetables and fish in oil. In fact, the mean ESBO concentration in 86 samples was 166 mg/kg, with a maximum of 580 mg/kg.


Epoxidized soy bean oil (ESBO) On-line LC-GC Gaskets Lids for glass jars Infant food Oily food 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anja Fankhauser-Noti
    • 1
  • Katell Fiselier
    • 1
  • Sandra Biedermann
    • 1
  • Maurus Biedermann
    • 1
  • Koni Grob
    • 1
  • Franz Armellini
    • 2
  • Karl Rieger
    • 2
  • Ingun Skjevrak
    • 3
  1. 1.Official Food Control Authority of the Canton of ZürichZürichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institute for food investigation of the State VorarlbergBregenzAustria
  3. 3.Norwegian Food Safety AuthoritySandnesNorway

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