European Food Research and Technology

, Volume 219, Issue 6, pp 614–619 | Cite as

Modified atmosphere packaging confers additional chilling tolerance on ethylene-inhibited cantaloupe Charentais melon fruit

  • Francisco B. Flores
  • Maria Concepción Martínez-Madrid
  • Mohamed Ben Amor
  • Jean Claude Pech
  • Alain Latché
  • Felix Romojaro
Original Paper

Abstract

Cantaloupe Charentais melon fruits are subject to chilling injury when stored at low temperatures, around 2 °C. Ethylene-suppressed cantaloupe Charentais melon, expressing a 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC)-oxidase gene in antisense orientation, showed strong, but not total, resistance to chilling injury, allowing an extended storage at low temperatures. Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) is known to alleviate chilling injury symptoms in a variety of chilling-sensitive horticultural commodities. In the present work, we have compared the effects of MAP in non-retractile plastic film and storage in air on ethylene production, respiratory activity, development of chilling injury symptoms, water loss, ion leakage and accumulation of ethanol and acetaldehyde in wild-type and ethylene-suppressed melons, during storage at 2 °C and after re-warming at 22 °C. MAP reduced chilling injury and extended the postharvest life of wild-type fruit and conferred additional chilling resistance on ethylene-suppressed melons. Reduction of ethylene production and water loss are necessary to prevent chilling injury symptoms in melon.

Keywords

Modified atmosphere packaging Ethylene Chilling injury 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid oxidase antisense Cucumis melo Weight loss Electrolyte leakage 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We wish to thank Tezier S.A. (Port les Valences, France) for providing the melon seeds used in this experiment. This work has been supported by the European Union (FAIR CT96–1138) and it represents some of the research submitted by F. Flores in partial fulfillment of the requirement for a doctoral degree. During its realisation, F. Flores received a PNFPI (Plan Nacional de Formación de Personal Investigador) scholarship from the Spanish Ministry of Education.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francisco B. Flores
    • 1
    • 4
  • Maria Concepción Martínez-Madrid
    • 2
  • Mohamed Ben Amor
    • 3
    • 5
  • Jean Claude Pech
    • 3
  • Alain Latché
    • 3
  • Felix Romojaro
    • 1
  1. 1.CEBAS-CSICMurciaSpain
  2. 2.EPSO-Universidad Miguel HernándezOrihuelaSpain
  3. 3.UMR 990 INRA/INP-ENSATCastanet-TolosanFrance
  4. 4.UMR 990 INRA/INP-ENSATCastanet-TolosanFrance
  5. 5.Nestle R&D CentreTours Cedex 2France

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