Advertisement

European Food Research and Technology

, Volume 219, Issue 4, pp 321–328 | Cite as

Development of whey-based beverages

  • Mirjana Djurić
  • Marijana Carić
  • Spasenija Milanović
  • Miodrag Tekić
  • Mirela Panić
Original Paper

Abstract

This paper considers beverages consisting of whey, fruit components (orange, pear, peach, and apple), citric acid and sucrose. It also offers their optimal composition. The dry matter of the fruit component, the pH of the beverage and its sucrose content were independent variables. Blends were prepared in accordance with the factorial design. After pasteurization, they were exposed to a sensor analysis so that the following characteristics were estimated: flavour, odour, colour, sediment, appearance and total quality (sum of the previous factors). By applying the regression analysis method, a mathematical model of each characteristic was derived. None of the characteristic functions had an extreme, so the maxima lay at the boundaries of the independent variables (6% of dry matter and 4% or 2% of sucrose ). Only the pH changed within a narrow range. The statistical method has shown that the quality of blends with orange and pear mostly depends on the sucrose content, while the quality of blends with peach and apple depends on the dry matter of the fruit. Interaction of dry matter and sucrose is most significant for the blend with pear, while the balance between sucrose and pH strongly depends on the quality of all the other products. The peach–whey beverage containing 6% of dry matter and 2% of sucrose as well as having pH 3.6 proved to be the best.

Keywords

Whey Beverages Composition Optimization 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This investigation was supported financially by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Development of Serbia (project no. B.T.N.7.1.2.0440.B).

References

  1. 1.
    McIntosh GH, Royle PJ, Le Leu RK, Regester GO, Johnson MA, Grinsted RL, Kenward RS, Smithers GW (1998) Int Dairy J 8:425–434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Carić M, Milanović S (1995) Recent developments of byproducts utilization in dairy technology in eco-technology in food industry and biotechnology. TMF, BelgradeGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Milanović S, Panić M, Prčić I, Krstić D (2002) In: Proceedings of the 6th international symposium interdisciplinary regional research Hungary–Romania–Yugoslavia, 0414Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Djurić M, Carić M, Korhec G, Albijanić B, Tekić M (2002) Proceedings of the 6th international symposium interdisciplinary regional research Hungary–Romania–Yugoslavia, 0404Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Carić M (1994) Concentrated and dried dairy products. VCH, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bangert JG (1975) US Patent 3,949,098Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Scibelli GE (1980) US Patent 4,309,417Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Remer RK (1982) US Patent 4,325,977Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dahlen A (1984) US Patent 4,478,855Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Girsh LS (1999) US Patent 5,912,040Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Reust H (2001) US Patent 6,277,426 B1Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Girsh LS (2001) US Patent US 2001/0022986 A1Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Schroder BG (2002) US Patent 6,465,030Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Miglioranza LHS, Matsuo T, Caballero-Cordoba GM, Dichi JB, Syrion ES, Oliveira IBN, Martins MS, Polezer NM, Dichi I (2003) Nutrition 19:419–421CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hammond N A (1992) US Patent 5,153,019Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wiesenberger A, Kolb E, Engelhardt I (1984) US Patent 4,486,413Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Carić M, Milanović S, Vucelja D (2000) Standard methods of milk and dairy products analyses. Prometej & Faculty of Technology, Novi Sad, Yugoslavia, p 204Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ćirić D, Vujičić B, Bardić Ž (1975) Handbook for quality control of raw materials and fruit and vegetable products, Faculty of Technology, Novi Sad, Yugoslavia, p 227Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mirjana Djurić
    • 1
  • Marijana Carić
    • 1
  • Spasenija Milanović
    • 1
  • Miodrag Tekić
    • 1
  • Mirela Panić
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of TechnologyUniversity of Novi SadNovi SadSerbia and Montenegro

Personalised recommendations