Advertisement

European Food Research and Technology

, Volume 216, Issue 5, pp 407–411 | Cite as

Monitoring of metallic micronutrients and heavy metals in herbs, spices and medicinal plants from Austria.

  • Remigius ChizzolaEmail author
  • Hanneliese Michitsch
  • Chlodwig Franz
Original Paper

Abstract

Medicinal, aromatic and spice plants grown in different regions of Austria were monitored as to their Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb and Zn contents. Since the plants were grown under common field conditions, the essential elements were within the usual ranges for plant material. The contamination level with the toxic heavy metals, Pb and Cd, can be classified as normally low. Most samples contained less than 0.2 mg kg−1 Cd and less than 1.5 mg kg−1 Pb on a dry weight basis. Comparison with previous investigations suggests that contaminations with Pb occur rather by chance, whereas enhanced Cd values are restricted to some species having a tendency to accumulate this heavy metal. Some such species are St. John´s wort, poppy, yarrow, chamomile and absinth. Careful choice of growing site and appropriate soil management can reduce the Cd uptake of these critical species. These precautions are important when larger amounts of the product are consumed.

Keywords

Drug quality Heavy metal Cadmium uptake Elemental composition 

Notes

Acknowledgements

For providing us with crude drug samples, we thank the grower associations "Waldland", Oberwaltenreith, Lower Austria; the "Alternativproduzenten-Gemeinschaft Wullersdorf", Lower Austria; the "Saatbau Linz", Upper Austria; the "Bergkräutergenossenschaft Hirschbach", Upper Austria; the "Landesversuchsanlage für Spezialkulturen in Wies", Styria; the local growers Mr. G. Steiner, Gars/Kamp, Lower Austria; Mr. W. Waraschitz, Lassee, Lower Austria; Mr. F. Meier, Marchtrenk, Upper Austria.

References

  1. 1.
    Verlet N, Leclercq G (1996) Towards a model of technical and economic optimization of specialist minor crops. In: Commission Européenne, Concerted Action AIR3-CT-94–2076Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Máthé Á, Franz Ch (1999) J Herb Spice Med Plant 6:101–113Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Souci SW, Fachmann W, Kraut H (2000) Food composition and nutrition tables, 6th edn. Medpharm, Stuttgart and CRC, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Schilcher H (1994) Herba Ger 2:11–18Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kabelitz L (1998) Pharm Ind 60:444–451Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chizzola R (1989) Acta Hort 249:98–96Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chizzola R, Franz C (1996) Angew Bot 70:52–56Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kabata-Pendias A, Pendias H (1985) Trace elements in soils and plants. CRC, Boca Raton, Fla.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Anonymous (1997) Bundesgesundheitsblatt 40:182–184Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Schilcher H, Peters H (1990) Pharm Ind 52:916–921Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    WHO (1999) WHO monographs on selected medicinal plants, vol. 1. World Health Organisation, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Dachler M, Kernmayer I (1997) Düngemittelaufwand in Österreich. In: Blum WEH, Klaghofer E, Köchl A, Ruckenbauer P(eds) Bodenschutz in Österreich. Bundesamt und Forschungszentrum für Landwirtschaft, WienGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Danneberg, O.H., Aichberger, K., Puchwein, G., Wandl, M. (1997) Bodenchemismus. In: Blum WEH, Klaghofer E, Köchl A, Ruckenbauer P (eds) Bodenschutz in Österreich. Bundesamt und Forschungszentrum für Landwirtschaft, WienGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Chizzola R (2001) J Plant Nutr 24:1663–1667CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Li YM, Chaney RL, Schneiter AA, Miller JF (1995) Crop Sci 35:137–141Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Schneider M, Marquard R (1996) Z Arznei Gewürzpflanzen 1:111–116Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Malko A (2002) Untersuchungen zum Wirkstoffgehalt, zur Cadmiumaufnahme und Rotwelkeanfälligkeit von Hypericum perforatum L. Shaker, Aachen, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Schneider E, Pank F, Koball G, Foltys de Garcia E, Dehe M, Blüthner WD (2002) Z. Arznei Gewürzpflanzen 7:329–335Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zheljazkov VD, Nielsen NE (1996) Plant Soil 178:59–66Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zheljazkov VD, Jeliazkova EA, Craker LE, Yankov B, Georgieva T, Kolev T (1999) Acta Hort 500:111–117Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Salamon I, Hecl J, Haban M (2001) Heavy metal determination of several medicinal plants in the central Zemplin. World Conference on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Budapest, Hungary 2001. Abstract PII/47Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Plescher A, Pohl H, Vetter A, Förtsch U (1995) Herba Ger 3:116–125Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wenzel WW, Blum WEH, Brandstetter A, Jockwer F, Koechl A, Oberforster M, Oberlaender HE, Riedler C, Roth K, Valdeva I. (1996) Z Pflanzenernähr Bodenk 159:609–614Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Remigius Chizzola
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hanneliese Michitsch
    • 1
  • Chlodwig Franz
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Applied BotanyVeterinary Medicine University of ViennaViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations